Aug 3, 2015

Hybrid Vehicle: Design and Development

This is a Mechanical project report on "hybrid vehicle: design and development" and as the title suggest mainly focus on design and development on hybrid vehicles. Hybrid vehicle is something which uses two source of energy for its working. Hybrid Cars use a rechargeable energy storage system to supplement fossil fuel energy for vehicle propulsion. Hybrid engines are smaller and more efficient than traditional fuel engines. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


Hybrid Vehicle: Design and Development


The term commonly refers to petroleum-electric hybrid vehicles, also called Hybrid-electric Vehicle (HEV) and generally uses gasoline (petrol) or diesel to power internal-combustion engines, and electric batteries to power electric motors. Nearly all hybrids still require gasoline and diesel as their sole fuel source though other fuels such as ethanol or plant based oils have also seen occasional use.



Recommended Project: Kinetic Energy Recovery System


A hybrid vehicle uses multiple propulsion systems to provide motive power. This most commonly refers to gasoline-electric hybrid vehicles, which use gasoline (petrol) and electric batteries for the energy used to power internal-combustion engines (ICEs) and electric motors. These motors are usually relatively small and would be considered "underpowered" by themselves, but they can provide a normal driving experience when used in combination during acceleration and other maneuvers that require greater power.


The term "Hybrid Vehicle" can also refer to a vehicle engine that uses a combination of different fuels such as petroleum and ethanol. Some hybrid vehicles use regenerative braking to generate electricity while travailing.


Below are some of the types of hybrid vehicles.


1. Solar vehicles
2. Electric Vehicles
3. ICE-Hybrid
4. Fuel cell Hybrid



The project propeller car works on the principle of laws of motion. The propeller blade at the front of vehicle will force the car to move forward as the air will flow at the back. Air propeller car/aircraft). The engine will operate with the hand start motion and to be fuelled with a specified fuel.


The car comprises of a geared motor: say 100 rpm, 12V DC connected with the steering control wheel. The steering control wheel will change the direction and is controlled by a RF remote control. The power is transmitted to all the four wheels - rear wheel and front wheel, when driven with the propeller of the car and when driven with solar power, the power is transmitted only to the rear wheel. Another gear motor of same specification as in rear wheel will operate the braking mechanism and it operated via RF remote.


When we start the engine and place the car on surface, the car will move forward and the RF remote for steering wheel will change its direction to the left and right. If someone needs to create a sudden brake, the RF control key can be activated for the same to make shoe brake operate.

Use this project for your reference and study. This report contains figures, explanation, working of hybrids Vehicles, alternative fuel, information about gasoline direct injection engine, advantages of hybrid cars over convention car etc.


Author:- Rishi Nagwal, Vikas Kumar, Vivek Pundir, Ashish Suhaney


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