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Oct 15, 2014

Design & Analysis of AC System for Heavy Vehicles using Exhaust Heat

Oct 15, 2014 - 0 Comments

This is a good Mechanical project work on Design and Analysis of AC system for heavy vehicles using exhaust heat. Air conditioning is a tedious job to do when it comes to heavy vehicles like buses and trucks. The installation cost is not a problem but the operating cost is not so economical which is why these AC systems are not famous in heavy trucks. The main motto of our project in energy conservation. From past, the cabins of vehicles are been heated using heat energy from radiator during winters which is one way of conserving energy as we are utilizing waste heat but during summers we use the AC system to cool the cabin which puts extra load on engine and as a result the total work produced by the engine divides up though we have waste heat available at the exhaust. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Design and Analysis of AC System for Heavy Vehicles using Exhaust Heat

The only objective of the project work is to alter the present AC System of vehicle by removing its compressor which is the maximum power consuming component in the system and replace it with the Heat Exchanger Cum Generator which instead of putting extra load on engine will absorb the heat from waste flue gases and produce ammonia vapours which will produce cooling effect in the passenger’s compartment. By doing this we will not use the useful energy of the engine but at the same time can enjoy the cooling effect by just utilizing the waste heat.

Recommended Project: Mechanical Project on Solar Air Cooling

Air conditioning's main principles are Evaporation, Condensation, Compression and Expansion. And we use different components to perform these different processes.

As discussed above, all the parts of the Vapour Compression System and the VARS are same except the compression component, therefore our field of work is design and analysis of the system that will extract the heat from the flue gases flowing out of exhaust manifold and use it for heating the aqueous solution of refrigerant to produce ammonia vapour which can be used for air conditioning of cabin of vehicle.

Recommended Project: Fabrication of Active Air Suspension System

All other parts of the AC system are already available and the only innovative aspect of this project is the design of heat exchanger cum generator. Hence we declare it as our field of work in the Capstone project.

The main intention behind the project work is Conservation of Energy. By making this project we are trying to utilize the waste heat emitted by the engine for the cooling purpose of the passenger compartment. This will help to reduce the extra burden form the engine and we will get air conditioning in big vehicles at minimum operating cost.

This report includes complete work plan, basic principle involved, power requirement, design, research and construction of design & analysis of AC System for heavy vehicles using exhaust heat. Thanks to the author of the project.

Author:- Baljeet Singh


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Oct 5, 2014

Project on Electromagnetic Car

Oct 5, 2014 - 0 Comments

In Electromagnetic Car project, the concept of electromagnetic piston is taken from the research paper of Sir Jhon Thomas Harty & Sir William Thomas Harty. An electromagnetic piston which is made of solenoid coil reciprocating including magnetic element with one electromagnet connected with the cylinder and another electromagnet connected with the piston, so that when a polarity of magnet elements is changed, a magnetic interaction of the electromagnet with one another causes the reciprocating movement of the piston, which is being converted in rotary motion by means of crankshaft made of Al rod. The motion power from the crankshaft is being transmitted from the crankshaft to rear axle with the help of a gear drive. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


Electromagnetic Car


The electromagnet can be one among a form of magnet in which the over unity magnetic discipline can be that is generated by the actual stream of household current. This over unity magnetic discipline disappears when the existing can be deterred.

Electromagnets usually are trusted as different parts of various other electrical gadgets, for example engines, generators, relays, audio speakers, hard disks, MRI models, scientific instruments, and also over unity magnetic separation products, together with working as professional weightlifting electromagnets for buying and also moving large metal physical objects such as refuse metal.

Recommended Article: Mechanical Project on Hydraulic Brakes


The electromagnetic car according to the present invention in one aspect comprises a cylinder and a piston, each made of a magnetic material, a cylinder electromagnet having an inner wall of the cylinder magnetisable to a one magnetic pole, and a piston magnetization unit for magnetizing a portion of the piston engage able with the cylinder to a single magnetic pole in a fixed manner, in which the piston is transferred in a one direction by creating a magnetic attraction force between the cylinder and the piston by exciting the cylinder electromagnet; and the piston is then transferred in the opposite direction by creating a magnetic repellent force there between, followed by repeating this series of the actions of alternately creating the magnetic attraction force and the magnetic repellent force to allow the piston to perform a reciprocal movement.


The electromagnetic car according to the present invention in a still further aspect is constructed by arranging a combination of the cylinder with the piston in the aspects described above as a one assembly, arranging the one assembly in plural numbers and operating the plural assemblies in a parallel way, and converting a reciprocal movement of the piston in each of the plural assemblies into a rotary movement of a single crank shaft by a crank mechanism so that more can be produce for propelling any heavy vehicle.

Author:- Ankit Singh Bhandari, Bhuwan Chandra Fulara, Chandramohan Singh Mewari, Deeksha Lohani, Deepak Bailwal, Devendra Singh Bisht


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Sep 30, 2014

Home Gas Security System

Sep 30, 2014 - 0 Comments

HGSS (home gas security system) is a socially relevant system that finds its application in every house. This system is helps in avoiding dangerous accidents that may occur due to gas leakage. Gas leakage depends on various factor in our home but the main is carelessness towards our gas system i.e. cooking stove, gas geyser etc. Hunger of automation bought many revolution in the existing industry. This application comes to action when someone forgot to switch off stove knob or their is leakage of gas from cylinder itself. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


block diagram of Home Gas Security System

Here automation is done with the help of Micro-controllers and controlling action will be actuated with the help of SENSORS. In our country home gas security is one of the important concerns because lot of accidents occurs only due to gas leakage. Therefore our system will be a milestone in this field.

Recommended Article: Security System with Image Capturing

The primary objects of the present project to provides a way for safely detecting any malfunction of a LPG gas system in order to prevent accumulation of LPG gas so that damage or explosion due to such an accumulation of gas is prevented.

Application of Home Gas Security System


1. Forgot to switch off stove knob:

In this we use thermistor which is connected to microcontroller. If there is no flame on the burner then after pre-set* time. Microcontroller sends a signal to solenoid valve to cut the supply from the cylinder. But if within this time interval flame is produced then gas will remain continue to flow.(* pre-set time lie between 30 to 40 sec). This is done by Bimetallic thermistor.

2. Leakage of gas from cylinder itself:

In this case gas sensor will actuate the relay to cut the electric supply of the house and actuates the alarm also. In addition to these a keypad is also provided to enter the time of operation. After the entered time system will cut off the supply.

For example-you want to boil 1kg of milk and it takes 4 min then you can enter “4” through your keypad. After 4 min system will automatically off.

This report includes full working of the home gas security system with component details and block diagram. Use this report for your reference and study work only.

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Sep 22, 2014

Design and Fabrication of Solar Food Dryer

Sep 22, 2014 - 0 Comments

Preservation of food is a very important task to meet needs of people and to preserve food the most common and effective method is sun drying. This Mechanical project on design and fabrication of solar food dryer aims to solve the problem of effective food preservation as the lack of appropriate preservation and storage systems caused considerable losses, thus reducing the food supply significantly. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


Design and Fabrication of Solar Food Dryer

The high temperature dryers used in industrialized countries are found to be economically viable in developing countries only on large plantations or big commercial establishments. Therefore the introduction of low cost and locally manufactured solar dryers offers a promising alternative to reduce the tremendous post harvest losses. The opportunity to produce high quality marketable products seems to be a chance to improve the economic situation of the farmers. However, taking into account the low income of the rural population in developing countries, the relatively high initial investment for solar dryers still remains a barrier to a wide application.

Recommended Project: Mechanical Project on Solar Air Cooling

To classify the various types of solar dryers, it is necessary to simplify the complex constructions and various modes of operation to the basic principles. Solar dryers can be classified based on the following criteria:

1. Mode of air movement
2. Exposure to insulation
3. Direction of air flow
4. Arrangement of the dryer
5. Status of solar contribution

There are many types of solar dryer as told above and each one of them is explained on this report. Passive solar dryers are also called natural circulation or natural convection systems and are generally of a size appropriate for agriculture use. They can be either direct or indirect. Natural-circulation solar dryers depend for their operation entirely on solar-energy. In such systems, solar-heated air is circulated through the crop by buoyancy forces or as a result of wind pressure, acting either singly or in combination.

The working and effectiveness of solar dryers is majorly dependent on the weather conditions. Both the heat required for removing the moisture as well as the electricity necessary for driving the fans are generated in the most cases by solar energy only. In addition to the pretreatment of the product, the weather conditions have the biggest influence on the capacity of product that can be dried within a certain time period.

Recommended Reading: Thermal & Refrigeration Based Mechanical Projects

The main components of solar dryer are as follows

1. Flat solar collector
2. Drying chamber.
3. Insulated panel(main body).
4. Ventilation system.


Component required to manufacture solar food dryer for this project are Glass thickness 3.2mm, Mild steel Sq pipe, CRC sheet, Glass wool insulation, Pop rivets, Screws, Welding, Aluminium channel, Hinges, Silicon sealant, Black paint, Tower bolt and Glass thermometer.

The project is constructed in order to get outside knowledge and involve in practical applications beyond in our day-to-day academic studies under in the module of “Advanced Topics in Mechanical Engineering”. Designing of the solar dryer minimizing shortcomings associated with than low efficiency, cost not portable solar dryer. Net cost of the device is Rs.5400. Use this report for your reference and study work only.

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Sep 16, 2014

Inhibit the Activity of Allium Sativa (Garlic) and Curcuma Longa (Turmeric) against Blastomyces Dermatidis

Sep 16, 2014 - 0 Comments

This is the Biotechnology final year report to study the inhibition activity of Allium sativa (garlic) and Curcuma longa (turmeric) against Blastomyces dermatidis. This report will show the Garlic and Turmeric use against Blastomyces dermatidis which is a virus and can cause various lung infections. This is project shows anti-fungal activity of Garlic and Turmeric. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


Herbal Medicine are very useful and despite of their low cost they have tremendous benefits and help in curing many diseases. Garlic and Turmeric which care our daily using things have many properties which fights against diseases and this study shows same.

Blastomyces dermatitidis is a dimorphic fungus which means it has two forms. At room temperature it takes the mycelia form and at 37oC, the mycelium transforms to a large yeast (8-15 um) with characteristic thick cell walls and broad-based buds.

Recommended Project: Biotechnology Project on Microbial Quality Control

Inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores can cause blast mycosis (Gilchrist's disease, Chicago disease, or Namekagon River Fever). The fungus enters the body through the lungs and there converts to yeast form, triggering the hosts inflammatory response at the site of infection. Yeast that are not phagocytised and cleared by the host is able to spread via blood or lymphatic to other sites in the body where the infection starts.

Later on this report pure colonies were developed, a culture broth is prepared from it. When the testing is to be done, the colonies are restreaked or are spread in to Mueller-Hinton Agar plates and anti-fungal susceptibility test was done. Thanks to the author of this project and use this report only for your reference and study work.

Author:- Anshika Sindhwani


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Sep 8, 2014

Front Wheel Steering System with Moveable Headlights

Sep 8, 2014 - 0 Comments

The project here is all about Front wheel steering system with moveable headlights with latest electronics technology. The most standard steering arrangement is to show the front wheels employing a hand–operated handwheel that is positioned before of the motive force, via the steering column, which can contain universal joints to permit it to deviate somewhat from a line. alternative arrangements are generally found on differing types of vehicles, as an example, a tiller or rear–wheel steering. Tracked vehicles like tanks sometimes use differential steering — that's, the tracks are created to maneuver at completely different speeds or maybe in opposite directions to originate a amendment in fact. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Front Wheel Steering System with Moveable Headlights


The mechanism connecting the steering box and therefore the wheels sometimes conforms to a variation of Ackermann steering pure mathematics, to account for the very fact that in a very flip, the inner wheel is truly traveling a path of smaller radius than the outer wheel, so the degree of toe appropriate for driving in a very straight path isn't appropriate for turns.

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A hydraulic steering mechanism (HPS) uses hydraulic pressure provided by Associate in Nursing engine-driven pump to help the motion of turning the handwheel. Electrical power steering (EPS) is a lot of economical than the hydraulic steering mechanism, since the electrical steering mechanism motor solely has to offer help once the handwheel is turned, whereas the hydraulic ram should run perpetually.

Four-wheel steering (or all wheel steering) could be a system utilized by some vehicles to boost steering response, increase vehicle stability whereas maneuvering at high speed, or to decrease turning radius at low speed. In most active simple machine steering systems, the rear wheels are steered by a laptop and actuators.

The rear wheels usually cannot flip as so much because the front wheels. Some systems, as well as Delphi's Quadrasteer and therefore the system in Honda's Prelude line, allow the rear wheels to be steered within the wrong way because the front wheels throughout low speeds. this permits the vehicle to show in a very considerably smaller radius — generally crucial for giant trucks or vehicles with trailers. Associate in Nursing electronic simple machine steer system is Associate in Nursing possibility accessible on the JCB Fastrac. Thanks to the authors of this report.

Author:- Prateek kalakoti, Lalit kumar, Rajendra rawat, Shivraj chauhan, Pradeep jakhmola


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Sep 3, 2014

To Study & Implement Procurement Process

Sep 3, 2014 - 0 Comments

This is MBA project report on Procurement Process which is carried out at FMCG industry India Food Company ltd. which is a Leading biscuit manufacturing company in India in terms of retail sales and manufactures variety of biscuits. It is an integrated, research based FMCG company, producing a wide range of quality, affordable and tasty biscuits, trusted by healthcare professionals. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

To Study & Implement Procurement Process

Objective of this project report are to Study & implement Procurement process along with batch management at IFC ltd into SAP ECC6.0. and to integrate the “Down payment & Vendor invoice” of finance at IFC ltd into SAP ECC6.0.

Scope of the Project


The scope of study includes:

1. To understand various stages of procurement process that takes place in the organization.
2. Study and mapping of batch management.
3. To create various policy for vendors.
4. To study the concept of Down payment & Vendor invoice.


Recommended Project: Supply Chain Management Process at ABB Ltd

Procurement process defined for IFC LTD takes into account all the steps included in purchase cycle & the documents used to manage the purchasing process. Also it includes the processing of material in batches & vendor creation. The business process of IFC limited which was studied is implemented in SAP R/3.

There are various benefits as an integrated solution such as SAP in an organization. Commercial benefits would include having a single source for your financial information. Capturing your business transactions in one location allows you to easily review inventory, customer and vendor activity. Use this report for your reference and study work only.

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Aug 24, 2014

Project on Automatic Escalator System

Aug 24, 2014 - 0 Comments

Automatic Escalator System is a very useful project and help in reducing the use of energy and providing efficient system. This project has variety of applications. The main part of this project are Human sensor, Micro-controller unit, driver unit and escalator motor. The whole system is automatic and when someone steps on the escalator, it senses it and according go up or down. This project is build using AT89S52 microcontroller unit and LM7805voltage regulator IC. The Micro-controller programs are written in assembly language. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Automatic Escalator System


An escalator could be a staircase conveyor transport device for carrying folks between floors of a building. The device consists of a motor-driven chain of individual, coupled steps that move up or down on tracks, permitting the step treads to stay horizontal.

Recommended Project: Automatic Bottle Filling System using PLC

Escalators area unit used round the world to maneuver foot traffic in places wherever elevators would be impractical. Principal areas of usage embody shops, searching malls, airports, transit systems, convention centers, hotels, and public buildings.

This project report contains circuit diagram, component description, requirement and aim of project etc. Use this project material for reference only.


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Aug 17, 2014

Sprocket - Side Stand Retrieve System

Aug 17, 2014 - 0 Comments

This is Mechanical project report on Sprocket side stand retrieve system, which help in avoiding accidents which occur due to not lifting of side stand in two wheelers. This is the major problem in Rural and urban area and contribute to a good percentage of accidents occurring during a year. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.



Sprocket - Side Stand Retrieve System

To prevent such accidents due to side-stand, many other methods were used earlier like ECU and mechanical project but they are not so successful. ECU methods are implemented only in costlier bikes and do not implemented in normal domestic bikes due to their high cost.


Recommended Project: Design & Fabrication of Film Frame by Geneva Mechanism

Mechanical projects also have drawbacks like wear out of gears, making injuries in legs while actuating gears. Major drawback is it cannot use in all type of two-wheelers. So, to overcome these drawbacks “Sprocket Side Stand Retrieve System” is designed which can be attached in all type of two-wheelers (mopeds, geared, non-geared, hand geared bikes).


Sprocket-side stand retrieve system is designed using the working principle of two-wheeler according to which the power is generated in the engine and it transmits power to the pinion and makes it to rotate. The pinion transmits power to the rear wheel pinion and makes the vehicle to move. This system works by getting power from chain drive.

Recommended Project: Electric Power Assisted Steering (EPAS)

This sprocket system consists of four components, which is assembled as two set up which would be explained briefly in construction and working part of this paper.

The systematic design of system is made in order to consume only very low amount of power initially for few seconds to retrieve the stand. Then the power consumption does not occurs after retrieving the stand. Construction of the proposed “sprocket side stand retrieve system” consists of four major components. They are

1. Axle
2. Sprocket pinion
3. Lifting lever
4. Pushing lever


Sprocket is the major component of this system because it is power transmitting device. It gets power from the chain drive and makes this system to work. It is the device which transmits the linear motion of meshing chain drive into rotary motion by means of the tooth found on it.

This report contains the full working of this project, assembly, construction details etc. Use this report for your reference and study purpose only.

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Aug 13, 2014

ASP based Training & Placement Cell Management Project

Aug 13, 2014 - 0 Comments

Training and Placement management system aims at providing the power to alter and change the method of registration and list generation of eligible students for placement. This method offer facility to TPO to try to to all their work concerning placement like assembling Student Records, Registering the appropriate Students, to examine the amount and share of placed & unsuccessful students, and vital announcements to alternative departments. The entire work is machine-driven which can be done online. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Training & Placement Cell Management Project


Computer primarily based system are designed to enhance existing system. Regardless of the data, TPO has got to pass the information to the students and he can easily do this online using this system and improve accuracy in result. It's user friendly interface having fast documented access to documents. It provides the power of maintaining the small print of the scholars.

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It'll cut back the paper work and utilize the most capabilities of the setup and organization furthermore because it will save time and cash that are invested in creating reports and assembling knowledge. It will be accessed throughout the organization and out of doors furthermore with correct login provided. This method will be used as an application for faculty to manage the coed data with regards to placement.


Below are hardware and software requirement to complete this project:


Hardware Interfaces:

1. Processor : Pentium 4, 1.2 GHz or above.
2. Hard Disk: 40 GB or above.
3. RAM: 512 MB or above.

Software Interfaces:

Operating System : Windows 2007
Backend : SQL Server 2005/2008/2008R2
Frontend : Visual Studio 2008/2010
Server : IIS
Scripting Languages : Java Script
Server Side Scripting : Asp.net
Markup Languages : HTML, XML


Project encompasses a massive scope to try to. We tend students will maintain their data and may update it. Notifications are sent to students regarding different companies visiting campus or Off campus. Students will access previous data regarding placement. This method has scope of improvement amendments. In future, sector will communicate with one another on-line. All presently active inquires can even be side within the web site to look at if on-line.

Recommended Project: Web based Project on Online Career Guidance and Placement Unit

This application will be changed from time to time as per the ever-changing demand of the user with lesser price additionally the backend of the appliance will be modified as per the storage demand of the appliance and to supply a lot of security level options.

This report on training and placement cell management include functional and non functional requirement, interface used, system design, module, coding of the project like home page coding, master page, admin page etc., DFD diagrams, white box testing, screenshots of different pages and many more topics. Use this report for your reference and study purpose only.

Author:-Manoj Sharma

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Aug 4, 2014

Chemical Project on Cryogenic Air Separation

Aug 4, 2014 - 0 Comments

This project describes the cryogenic air separation to its components (Nitrogen, Oxygen and Argon). A special attention was devoted to the separation of argon. In theoretical part we included information about air properties, separation process, air cooling, air clearing, distillation of air, products of air and their application and other aspects of air separation. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Cryogenic Air Separation

In practical parts we have described: Thermodynamic of air separation, in this section the Peng‐Robinson state equation for calculation of equilibrium coefficient of nitrogen and oxygen system was used. And also the isobarict, xy and x,y diagrams of N2‐O2 and Ar‐O2 binary systems at different pressures were analyzed. After that we Calculated air distillation by McCabe‐Thiele method, and Enthalpy balance of reboiler and total condenser was done.

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Aspen simulation of air separation process forms the core of this work. The process flow sheet including heat exchange and cryogenic separation was designed. Material and enthalpy balance calculations in steady state were made for all basic process equipment. The work contents the results of process simulation including results of material and enthalpy
balances, temperature and composition profiles in all columns. The optimal parameter of distillation column such as reflux ratio, number of theoretical stages and feed stages were set.


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Jul 28, 2014

Mechanical Project on Solar Air Cooling

Jul 28, 2014 - 0 Comments

This is very innovative Mechanical project on Solar air cooling. Solar air conditioning has great potential. Sunlight is most plentiful in the summer when cooling loads are highest. The new solar air-conditioning system takes a much different approach. It is a thermally driven system that differs from earlier thermal systems in that it is designed to work with low-temperature solar collectors and includes low-cost energy storage.


Energy is stored in the form of a concentrated salt solution that can be used to provide dehumidification. A cooler with a special heat exchanger design combines the dehumidification from the desiccant with cooling from evaporation of water to provide air conditioning. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Solar Air Cooling

The overall objective of the project is to demonstrate a thermally driven solar air conditioner that has the potential of being economically viable compared to conventional electrically driven systems. The immediate objectives were to obtain component test data and modeling results that can be used to support the overall objective.

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Above figure shows a schematic diagram of a proposed thermal driven solar air conditioner that addresses the problems of the earlier systems. The basic idea is to use a desiccant liquid (preferably calcium chloride, CaCl2) for cooling and dehumidifying. The cooler uses the calcium chloride to dehumidify the air. Water is evapouratively cooled with exhaust air. Approximate air dry-bulb/wet-bulb temperatures in degrees F are included in the figure for illustration purposes. This schematic shows the configuration of cooler evaluated in this project; other configurations are possible and are discussed in the copy of the patent in the appendix.

Recommended Project: Air-Conditioning System Design

The operation of cooler requires further explanation. The driving force behind this cooler is a temperature difference between a water surface and a desiccant surface in contact with an air stream. The temperature of a water surface is close to the wet-bulb temperature of the air, while the temperature of a desiccant surface corresponds to a higher temperature. For a concentrated solution of calcium chloride, the temperature difference between the wet-bulb and the desiccant equilibrium temperature is approximately 15 to 20 °F. The cooler provides a way of using a relatively weak desiccant to efficiently provide cooling.

Author:-Maneesh Bhardwaj

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