Apr 25, 2015
As the conventional oil sources are getting reduced day by day as well as conventional diesel leads to acid rain, decreases engine life, releases carcinogens etc., there is a need to look for alternative fuel source that increases the energy requirements manifold. Microalgae has emerged to be the third generation fuel. This is good Bio-Tech project on "generation of Biodiesel from Microalgae". You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
Algae are sunlight-driven cells that convert carbon dioxide to potential bio-fuels,and feed,and high value bioactives. Algae are promising organisms for providing both novel biologically active substances and essential compounds for human nutrition.
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Microalgae are photosynthetic organisms which can be prokaryotic or eukaryotic and can grow in a wide range of environmental conditions. Microalgae produce lipids in the form of triacylglycerols or triglycerides. These triglycerides can be reacted with an alcohol in a reaction called transesterification or alcoholysis to obtain fatty acid methyl or ethyl esters for the production of biodiesel. For the production of biodiesel,the selected strain of algae must have very high growth rates and a very high lipid or oil content.
The main objective of present investigation is to isolate and characterize same of algal isolate which in future can be exploited for biodiesel production. It is well documented fact that Chlorophyceae class of microalgae possess small chain fatty acids which were found to be ideal precursors for biodiesel production. In our present investigation on the basis of morphology as well as PCR all four isolate belongs to green algae and can be potentially important in biodiesel production.
Out of four isolates Chlorella sp. Isolated from sattal lake was found to contain highest lipid content so can be regarded as potentially best candidate for biodiesel production. However, other isolates also showed higher lipid content.
Apr 18, 2015
This is a nice project on "Android application platform installation and development" if you are thinking to learn Android development. This is just a basic project which includes history, introduction to Android operating system and will also show you simple application development. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
Android is a Linux-based OS which is designed mainly for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. Android is a new open source software toolkit for mobile phones that was created by Google and the Open Handset Alliance. In a few years, it will in billions of cell phones and other mobile devices, making android a major platform for application developers. Whether you’re a hobbyist or a professional programmer, whether you are doing it for fun or for profit, it’s time to learn more about developing for Android.
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Currently Android covers more than 80% of mobile market and its growing day by day. Now every one has mobile phone and people are preferring to use Android.
Android offers a fresh take on the way mobile applications interact with users, along with the technical underpinnings to make it possible. But the best part of Android is the software that you are going to write for it.
Technologies to be used
1. Eclipse v3.7.3
2. Android Development tool.
3. Android SDK.
5. Database SQL lite.
This project report has DFD diagram, use-case diagram, architecture of android development, detail about hardware and software requirements, etc. Use this project report for reference and sample use only.
Author:- Sumit Kumar Maji, Madhubanti Deb, Vishrad Kumar Poddar, Goutam Roy
Apr 11, 2015
Automatic wash basin tap controller is primarily based on infrared technology and is a system that detects any interruption of the IR signals by our hands or utensils and water automatically starts flowing out of the tap. Automatic IR Tap Controller is good project topic for Electronics students. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
The circuit in the main contains Transmitter & Receiver that area unit designed with the 555 Timer. Each need five volts D.C. Supply. The IR rays unceasingly emitted by the transmitter fall on the receiver. we've used associate degree IR sensing element – TSOP1738 associate degreed an infra-red crystal rectifier.
A relay is employed within the circuit along side the free-wheeling diode to drive the Solenoid. Solenoid is employed to carry up the valve fitted within the pipe to let the water emanate of the faucet. The circuit is easy, economical and finds wide application in everyday life.
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The aim of this project is to make an automatic wash basin tap controller with help of 555 timer, IR crystal rectifier and infrared sensing element. The general module ought to be miniature to permit portability and will be economical.
This circuit finds wide applications in our daily life. This circuit is not only used for automatically controlling the tap of wash-basin but it can be used for controlling the dryers, blowers and door opening and closing by replacing the solenoid.
This project report on automatic IR tap controller, contains full component description with their working, circuit diagrams wherever needed, full working of the project, etc. Use this report for your reference and study purpose.
Apr 3, 2015
This is a report on "power sector reforms in India" for electrical students. This paper analyses the pre-reform era and identifies the key concerns which led to the initiation of the reforms. It also analyses the likely impact of the major policy and regulatory initiatives that have been undertaken since 1991 including the provisions of the new enactments which have come into force eventually in the form of The Electricity Act, 2003. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
Until the Eighties, electricity services in most developing countries of the globe, as additionally in several developed countries of Europe, were delivered by state-owned monopolies. It had been thought of that monopolies were best suited to deliver electricity services, as they enjoyed economies of scale and scope. In Asian country additionally reflective an equivalent sentiment, until 1991, the arena within the states was managed by one massive, vertically integrated entity that generated, transmitted and distributed power, below the individual State Ministries of Power.
This seminar details out some the key and important features of the Act and its likely impact on the Indian electricity industry in the emerging scenario.
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The paper also discusses major issues like role of Regulator in the new regime, issue of open access, power trading, introduction of power markets and role of Appellate Tribunal for Electricity in harmonizing the orders of the various regulators. Use it for your reference and study work. Thanks to the author of the project.
Author:-Harbans L. Bajaj and Deepak Sharma
Mar 27, 2015
Solar automatic panel also can be known as as Intelligent solar panel as a result of it converts the alternative energy to voltage with most potency by itself. Renewable energy is speedily gaining importance as associate energy resource as fossil costs fluctuate. At the academic level, it's so vital for engineering associated technology students to own an understanding and appreciation of the technology related to renewable energy. One of the most popular renewable energy sources is solar energy. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
Solar tracking permits additional energy to be generated as a result of the solar battery is in a position to take care of a perpendicular profile to the sun’s rays. this technique builds upon a previous senior style project wherever students designed a solar-powered device, therefore creating this technique ideally self-contained. Potential enhancements to the system are exhausted the project.
This project consists of a solar panel whose position is controlled by a DC motor. The motor is formed to rotate in such some way that it invariably positions to a locality wherever most daylight falls. This is done by creating use of a lightweight dependent electrical device.
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LDRs are placed within the solar battery to find the daylight. The detected values from the LDRs ar compared and also the region having the utmost daylight is known. Then turns the motor to it position wherever most daylight falls. The solar battery is usually position into the utmost sun light-weight mechanically.
It absolutely was resolved that real time chase would be necessary to follow the sun effectively. In order that no external information would be needed operational. Solar arrays or panels are getting used more and more as efficiencies reach higher levels, and are particularly in style in remote areas wherever placement of electricity lines isn't economically viable. various power supply has been unendingly achieving larger quality particularly since the realisation of fossil fuel’s shortcomings.
The distinctive feature of this technique is that rather than taking the planet as its reference, it takes the sun as a guiding supply. Its active sensors perpetually monitor the daylight and move the panel towards the direction wherever the intensity of sunlight is most.
Whole project report on solar automatic panel is divided into different chapters, and contains detail study about project and its component. It also include basic block diagram of the project, use this project for your reference and study work.
Mar 21, 2015
This is a good Electronics project report on Microcontroller based bidirectional visitor counter and is designed and presented in order to count the visitors of an auditorium, hall, offices, malls, sports venue, etc. The system counts both the entering and exiting visitor of the auditorium or hall or other place, where it is placed. The report includes the block diagram, working of the project, circuit diagram etc. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such Projects and Seminar.
Depending upon the signal from the sensors, this project detects the entry and exit of the visitor. On the successful implementation of the visitor counter, it displays the number of visitor present in the auditorium or hall. This system can be economically implemented in all the places where the visitors have to be counted and controlled. Since counting the visitors helps to maximize the efficiency and effectiveness of employees, floor area and sales potential of an organization, etc.
The circuit shows the microcontroller based bidirectional visitor counter, wherein the transmitter and the receiver form the IR detection circuit. Control logic is built around transistors, operational amplifier LM324 (IC1) and flip-flop (IC2).
The program coding for this bidirectional visitor counter circuit is written in ‘C’ language and is compiled using C51 Keil compiler and is given in this report for your reference. The circuit may also be enhanced with a wide counting range of above three digits by modifying software section of the system. It can also be enhanced for long and accurate sensing range using a laser torch instead of IR transmission circuit. Thus the circuit can be used to monitor visitor flow in effective manner, where the visitors have to counted and controlled.
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The above image shows the block diagram of the project bidirectional visitor counter whose different block are sensor, logic control circuit, Microcontroller, display & power supply. The project report include full description of the block devices and working of the project. Use this project for your reference and study only.
Mar 15, 2015
Micro-controller is a very widely used electronic component and today we are showing your another example of it. Today's' project topic is "DC motor speed control using Microcontroller PIC16F877A" and we are sharing full project report of it. This is a very good project work for final year Electronics and Electrical students. This project is mainly focus on DC motor speed control system by using microcontroller PIC 16F877A. It is a closed-loop real time control system, where optical encoder (built during this project) is coupled to the motor shaft to produce the feedback speed signal to controller. Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) technique is employed where its signal is generated in microcontroller. Micro-controller acts as proportional (P) controller with Kp =1 in this study. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
The PWM signal are going to be send to motor driver to vary the voltage provide to motor to take care of at constant speed. A program in Visual Basic 6 is developed to produce a graphic computer program (GUI) for the user to enter desired speed at laptop. Besides, it additionally shows a graph of motor speed versus time to let the user monitor the performance of the system simply. supported the result, the reading of optical encoder engineered is sort of reliable. Through the project, it may be ended that microcontroller PIC 16F877A will management motor speed at desired speed though there's a variation of load.
The goal of this project is to design a DC motor speed control system by using microcontroller PIC16F877A. It is a closed-loop real time control system. The controller will maintain the speed at desired speed when there is a variation of load. By varying the PWM signal from microcontroller (P controller) to the motor driver, motor speed can be controlled back to desired value easily.
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For this project, by applying Kp =1 to P controller in microcontroller, the speed response become under-damped response. If Kp less than 1, the speed response is not satisfied. At some greater gain, the speed response of the control loop becomes a steady-state oscillation. If the gain is increased past the point where steady oscillation is observed, the control loop will become unstable and the oscillations will increase in amplitude. The motor will suddenly speed up and it will damage the motor.
This project report is complete in every aspect and contains, block diagram, flow charts, full explanation of the project and components, microcontroller programming, advantages and disadvantages of various types of DC motor, speed measurement of DC Motor etc., so use this report for your reference and study work.
Project Author:- Abhijit Maity, Krishna Narayan Chowdhury, Nilesh Kumar Mal, Pinaki Dutta, Shyamal Kumar Bera, Sohini Chowdhury, Soumik Chakraborty, Subhadip Karmahapatra, Suhel Mohammed
Mar 12, 2015
Kinetic Energy Recovery System is a mechanisms that recover the energy that would normally be lost when reducing speed. The energy is stored in a mechanical form and retransmitted to the wheel in order to help the acceleration. Electric vehicles and hybrid have a similar system called Regenerative Brake which restores the energy in the batteries. The device recovers the kinetic energy that is present in the waste heat created by the car’s braking process. It stores that energy and converts it into power that can be called upon to boost acceleration. You can also subscribe to our newsletter below by Email for more such projects and seminar.
There are principally two types of system - battery (electrical) and flywheel (mechanical). Electrical systems use a motor-generator incorporated in the car’s transmission which converts mechanical energy into electrical energy and vice versa. Once the energy has been harnessed, it is stored in a battery and released when required.
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In essence a KERS systems is simple, you need a component for generating the power, one for storing it and another to control it all. Thus KERS systems have three main components: The MGU, the PCU and the batteries.
Advanced transmissions that incorporate hi-tech flywheels are now being used as regenerative systems in such things as formula-1 cars, where they're typically referred to as kinetic energy recovery systems (KERS).
The types of KERS that have been developed are:
4.1. Mechanical KERS
4.2. Electro-mechanical KERS
4.3. Hydraulic KERS
4.4. Electronic KERS
By adopting the cheaper and lighter flywheel system (the ideal solution if it could be made to fit into the no-refueling era cars), a more powerful boost, and limiting the number of activations in a race it would cover all the bases it needs to. It would be affordable for the all the teams, deliver performances as well as being a more interesting race variable. Use this report for your reference and study work only.
Mar 7, 2015
Solar Power Towers is a good seminar topic for Mechanical students and other related branch and are also knows as 'Central Tower' power plants or 'Heliostat' power plants or power towers, is a type of solar furnace using a tower to receive the focused sunlight. It uses an array of flat, moveable mirrors (called heliostats) to focus the sun's rays upon a collector tower (the target). You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such Projects and Seminar.
The high energy at now of targeted daylight is transferred to a substance that may store the warmth for later use. The more modern heat transfer material that has been with success incontestable is liquid Sodium. Sodium may be a metal with a high heat capability, permitting that energy to be keep and drawn off throughout the evening. That energy will, in turn, be accustomed boil water to be used in steam turbines. Water had originally been used as a heat transfer medium in earlier power tower versions (where the resultant steam was accustomed power a turbine). This method didn't yield power generation throughout the evening.
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Solar power towers generate electric power from sunlight by focusing concentrated solar radiation on a tower-mounted heat exchanger (receiver). The system uses hundreds to thousands of sun-tracking mirrors called heliostats to reflect the incident sunlight onto the receiver. These plants are best suited for utility-scale applications in the 30 to 400 MWe range.
The heliostat field that surrounds the tower is set intent on optimize the annual performance of the plant. The sector and therefore the receiver are sized counting on the requirements of the utility. in an exceedingly typical installation, alternative energy assortment happens at a rate that exceeds the utmost needed to supply steam to the rotary engine. Consequently, the thermal storage system are often charged at constant time that the plant is manufacturing power at full capability. The quantitative relation of the thermal power provided by the collector system (the heliostat field and receiver) to the height thermal power needed by the rotary engine generator is termed the star multiple.
Mar 2, 2015
Study on Absenteeism of workers is MBA project carried on Nutrine. This is HR project for MBA students, use this for reference and study. Employees’ presence at the organization during the schedule time is highly essential for the smooth running of the production process in particular and the organization in general. Irrespective of the significance of presence, employees sometime fail to report to the work place during the scheduled time, which is known as “Absenteeism”. This study focus on same and will cover type of absenteeism, calculations of absenteeism, features etc. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
Absenteeism has been multifariously outlined by the Authorities from time to time. so the term absence refers to the staff absence from his regular task, once he's scheduled to figure. Any staff be from work if he has taken leave to that he's entitled or on the grounds of illness or some accident with none previous sanction of leave.
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Study of absence among Industrial employee isn't solely from read purpose of however it's necessary from the read purpose of ethical of staff. albeit the impact of the great morale of staff, might not be calculated in terms of prices, however it ought to be aforementioned that, it's necessary than price.
Types of Absenteeism
Absenteeism is of four types viz…
1. Authorized Absenteeism.
2. Unauthorized Absenteeism.
3. Willful Absenteeism.
4. Absenteeism caused by circumstances beyond one’s control.
Absenteeism rate can be calculated for different employees and for different time periods like month & year. The frequency rate reflects the incidence of absence and is usually expressed as the no of separate absence in a given period, irrespective of absence. The frequency rate represents the average no of absence per worker in a given period.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The Study aims at assessing the absenteeism in workers.
1. To conduct a detailed study on Absenteeism of Nutrine.
2. To identify the various that lead to Absenteeism.
3. To identify the variables that reduces the rate of Absenteeism
4. To find out the rate of Absenteeism in Nutrine.
5. To find out causes of Absenteeism & suggest remedies to reduce it
There is a transparent relationship between high absence and staff ethical, as a result of it will simply copied that these department having high rate of absence have low ethical.
There is a transparent relationship between employee’s attitude & absence. They're associated with one another. Therefore employee’s angle & morale area unit the necessary factors. Labors is Human issue, thus thought shall even be taken into consideration within the discussion of downside connected within the absence has been continuous to be one amongst the main labors downside in Indian Industries.
Mar 1, 2015
This is project report on "production & broadcasting of TV programmes" which was carried out at the Doordarshan Kendra Thiruvananthapuram. Doordarshan Kendra Thiruvananthapuram is subsidiary of the DD India, which is the largest television network in the world. Doordarshan with over 35 Terrestrial Transmitters and 3 production centers serve Kerala, Lakshadweep and Mahi regions. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
DDK Trivandrum has the following main departments which manage the production, storage transmission and maintenance of the two DD National channels and the DD Malayalam channel.
2. Production Control Room (PCR)
3. Video Storage And Transmission Room(VTR)
4. Main Switching Room(MSR)
5. Digital Earth Link Station
A television creates a regular series of moving footage on the TV screen. A camera works exactly on the same principle applied the opposite manner. A picture is "drawn" on a television or computer display screen by sweeping an electrical signal horizontally across the display one line at a time. The amplitude of this signal versus time represents the instantaneous brightness at that physical point on the scene.
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At the top of every line, there's a little of the wave shape (horizontal blanking interval) that tells the scanning circuit within the show to retrace to the left fringe of the show and so begin scanning subsequent line. beginning at the highest, all of the lines on the show square measure scanned during this manner. One complete set of lines makes an image. this can be referred to as a frame. Once the primary complete image is scanned, there's another portion of the wave shape (vertical blanking interval, not shown) that tells the scanning circuit to retrace to the highest of the show and begin scanning subsequent frame, or picture.
This sequence is perennial at a quick enough rate so the displayed pictures square measure seemed to have continuous motion. This can be an equivalent principle as that behind the "flip books" that you simply quickly flip through to envision a moving image or cartoons that square measure drawn and quickly displayed one picture at a time.
There are many different kinds of video signals, which can be divided into either television or computer types. The format of television signals varies from country to country.
This report includes detail discussion about each of the department of Doordarshan Kendra Thiruvananthapuram and other technical details to complete the project report. Use this report only for your reference and study work.
Author:- Abraham Renn S
Feb 24, 2015
This is the project report on Microcontroller based Home security system which is a good project to be done by the students. Engineering is not only a bookish knowledge but also it is a implementation of all we gain through books for inventing something new and making things more easy and useful through practical study. It is an art which can be gained with systematic study, observation and practice. This project is build using same technique. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such Projects and Seminar. The microcontroller based security system consists of transmitter, receiver, phase locked loop and processing section.
This micro-controller based home security system protects your family and valuables by triggering an alarm when someone tried to break into your house and will immediately alert the police station.
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The transmitter section continuously transmits IR rays which are received by the receiver section. The received signal is further amplified and given to the PLL section, where its frequency is locked to the transmitted frequency.
When the IR signal is interrupted, the micro-controller starts working as per the programmed EPROM and control the siren, telephone and cassette player via the respective relays.
In the transmitter section, NE555(ICI) is wired as an actable multi-vibrator whose oscillating frequency is set by resistors R1 and R2, preset VR1 and capacitor C1, C3 bypasses the noise to ground, preventing any change in calculated pulse-width. The out put of ICI is fed to the base of the transistor t1, which drives an IR LED to transmit the modulated IR signal. R4 constrain the current going through the IR LED. Preset VR1 is used to vary the modulating frequency.
This report contains all the things to make your project like block diagram, circuit diagram, working, flow chart, component details etc. Use this for reference and help.