Feb 20, 2017
This is Electronics engineering seminar topic. Satellites and other space equipment are constantly prone to dangers posed by solar radiation and cosmic rays. The effect of cosmic rays on semiconductor materials results in errors which sometimes lead to devastating consequences. These errors, classified into soft and hard errors are to be kept in mind while designing the electronic equipment that is to be used in space and for other precise equipment. Single event errors are such anomalies in computing systems caused by the cosmic rays emanating primarily from the sun.
Single event upsets were first detected by technicians manning electronic equipment after a nuclear test. Eliminating these errors involves testing the vulnerability of the equipment in the presence of different kinds of radiation in different kinds of materials and in different conditions. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
The method of preventing these errors is two fold - one called ‘hardening’ and the other, ‘logical’. Technologies like heavy ion testing are being used to predict the behavior of electronic materials when exposed to ionizing radiations. The data obtained from these tests is used to determine the best materials to shield the electronic circuits from the radiations in the case of ‘hardening’. In the case of logical techniques, usage of parity bits and other redundancy checks to counter the effects of the radiation is followed.
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This paper is an effort by the authors to introduce the topic of single event errors and discuss the possible ways of avoiding and/or correcting them.
A single event effect (SEE) evolve from, as the term suggests, a single, energetic particle. The possibility of single-event upsets was first postulated by Wallmark and Marcus in 1962. The 1st real satellite anomalies were informed in 1975. Some of the early pioneering work was by May and Woods, who investigated alpha-particle-induced soft errors. In their work the source of alpha particles was not from space but rather from the natural decay of trace (ppm) concentrations of uranium and thorium present in integrated circuit packaging materials.
Jan 30, 2017
This is final year Mechanical engineering project on "four wheel steering" and the main objective of this project is to remove the mechanical linkage between the steering system and the steering wheel. Which is the essence of any system. This was achieved with the help of synchro-transmitter and receiver. This system helps improve stability and response at high speed and helps reduce driver's steering workload at low speed. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
A front wheel active steering function was added to Rear Active Steer adopted on the Fuga. By controlling the steering angle of all four wheels, this active steering system helps improve stability and response at high speed and helps reduce driver's steering workload at low speed.
Primary feature of the steerage machine is to obtain angular motion of the front wheels is to barter a turn. Steering is one of the maximum important safety factors in vehicle manage. It permits an enter provided with the aid of the driving force within the form of a torque to correspondingly manipulate the orientation of the cars transferring wheels, and therefore, path of motion of the car.
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The same old method to perform this project is thru linkage and steering tools, which converts rotary motion of steerage wheel into angular motion of the front road wheels. Throughout the developments of vehicles over the last century, diverse approaches have developed relating to the steerage device. In the course of the development of motors over the last century, various methods have evolved referring to the guidance device.
Four-wheel steering (or all wheel steering) is a system employed by some vehicles to improve steering response, increase vehicle stability while maneuvering at high speed, or to decrease turning radius at low speed. In most active four-wheel steering systems, the rear wheels are steered by a computer and actuators. The rear wheels generally cannot turn as far as the front wheels.
This report gives a comprehensive view about steering system of a car and its various components. Also various steering systems have been described in detail and with all possible efforts. The report also covers the topic of synchro transmitter/ receiver. Use this report for your reference and study and all credit goes to its authors mentioned below.
Author:- Avdhesh Kumar Verma, Ramakant Sharma, Ashutosh Singh and Chandan Singh
Jan 22, 2017
If you are looking for final year Chemical engineering project, then this project on "study of the chemical pulping process and extraction of lignin, cellulose" can be your next big idea for the project. This project is for specific branches of Chemical engineering i.e. POLYMER. Lignin is a natural resource which exists in woody materials, agricultural residues, and other plant materials (so-called lignocellulosic materials). You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
Lignocellulosic materials consist of 10–30% lignin by weight and 40% by energy. However, it has mainly been used as an energy source in combustion processes, and less than 5% lignin has been used for other purposes nowadays.
Lignin has high energy content and polymer structure, that is why it is considered as a potential renewable resource of chemicals and fuels mainly in condition of escalating petroleum rate and renewable energy demand. Lignin de-polymerization is very promising method that could generate cost added merchandise from lignin raw materials. The main purpose of lignin depolymerization is to convert the complex lignin compound into small molecules for fuels and basic chemicals or oligomers for further application.
Lignin is a complex polymer of aromatic alcohols known as monolignols. It is most commonly derived from wood, and is an integral part of the secondary cell walls of plants and some algae.
Lignin represents the second most ample natural polymeric fabric on planet and is still currently underutilized. Massive quantities of lignin are anticipated to be produced in future bio-refineries as a by-product of bio-fuel production which is stimulating new emerging applications, principally as sustainable options to nonrenewable products which include polyurethanes, thermoplastic polymers, epoxy and phenolic resins, as well as corrosion inhibitors.
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However, all the researches currently developed in these fields are carried out at the laboratory scale. Thus, the ability of organosolvlignin’s to provoke significant impact as a substitute for polymeric materials depends on its availability in industrial quantities.
From this project, the result achieved meet the expected values from a calculation that be expected. The values that have been declared fulfill the desired value. This project works teach about the cellulose, ligning and fiber and their applications and productions. Thanks to the author of the project.
Author:- Girish Balodi
Jan 12, 2017
This is a good seminar topic on latest features of smart cards and intelligent tokens where Smart Cards are plastic credit cards devices with an integrated circuit chip with microprocessor. Intelligent Tokens (iButton) are high capacity general-purpose electronic data carriers, each with a unique registration number. They have the same components as smart cards but are shielded by a steel case. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
This paper will show the differences between contact smart cards, contact less smart cards and intelligent tokens (iButton) with respect to RAM, ROM and EEPROM and other related aspects.
Smart cards and intelligent tokens uses encryption algorithms to provide the required level of data security to prove the identity of the person sending/receiving the message and that the message hasn’t been altered.
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There are many custom command sets used by smart cards but most of them are based around the ISO-7816 specifications, which set out the communication protocols ad defines the commands used by smart cards in great details.
“Smart cards allow thousands of times the information storable on magnetic stripe cards. In addition, smart cards are more reliable, perform multiple functions and are more secure because of high security mechanisms such as advanced encryption and bio-metrics. Smart cards can and will hold a large amount of personal information, from medical/health history to personal banking and personal preferences.”
In both smart cards and intelligent tokens the maximum ROM is 64kb and the minimum is 24kb in smart cards. ROM in other hand has a maximum of 134kb in intelligent tokens and a minimum of 512 Bytes in some smart cards. The maximum EEPROM is 8kb in smart cards and the minimum is 2.25kb in smart cards also. Use this paper for your reference and study.
Dec 20, 2016
Hydraulically operated bush bearing puller is a diploma project for Mechanical branch and it is a device which enables the single persons to operate it alone and removes the bearing the from machine parts. No special skill is needed to operate or remove the bush bearing form the machine parts. It can widely used. It is easy to fit on the operate or remove the bearing from the machine parts. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
Working principal of this project is same that of hydraulic lifting system to exert the pulling power to remove the bush bearing from the machine blocks. This is operated by hydraulic power without use of man power. As the bottom flange has a hole which is set below the bottom portion of the bush bearing in the machine block, makes to provide grip for pulling the bush bearing.
Through this bottom flange hole a screw rod inserted. The other end of the screw rod is connected to the top flange which is moving towards upward direction by the action of hydraulic jack.
If we lift the jack, the top flange pulled the center rod. So the center rod rises with bottom flange gradually with the bush bearing. Thus the bush bearing is removed.
By using this device many numbers of cylinders bearings are removed. It is very much useful in repairing automobile workshops and electrical motor and pump repair shop.
Any other type or size of cylinder bush bearings can be removed by varying the dimensions of bottom flange relative to the dimension of the bearings to be removed. Thus it can be useful for the following types of bush bearings in
i) Generators coupled centrifugal pump.
ii) Oil Engines and to other engines.
This report on "Hydraulically operated bush bearing puller" discuses the necessity of the project and various aspects of planning, design, selection of materials, fabrication, erection, estimation and testing. The cost of this project is around Rs.5600. Use this report for your reference and study work.
Author:- G.k. Manigandan, J. Dhanajeyan, B. Karthikeyan, D. Duraivel, P. Balasubramani, L. Prabhu
Dec 17, 2016
Static Converter is a good electrical project which tells about the static converter in Railways. The static converter is made using a half controlled single phase bridge rectifier at the input, a DC link filter and a three phase IGBT based PWM inverter. All functions of the converter are controlled through 32 bits Digital signal processor (DSP) together with an EPLD & host of digital gates and analog amplifiers. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such Projects and Seminar.
All trains are provided with a battery to provide start up current and for supplying essential circuits, such as emergency lighting, when the line supply fails. The battery is usually connected across the DC control supply circuit.
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Generic term for any solid state electronic system for converting alternating current to direct current or vice versa. Where an AC supply has to be converted to DC it is called a rectifier and where DC is converted to AC it is called an inverter. The word originated in the US but is now common elsewhere.
The converter consists of following sub-modules:
A. Input Section
The input section consists of input fuse (MF), Metal oxide varistors and input bus bar. Input fuse is used to protect the converter and for ensuring safe operation of the converter under worst input conditions. Metal oxide varistors (MOV) are used to protect the converter from surges.
B. Rectifier Section
The rectifier section is made using a half controlled single phase bridge rectifier. This consists of a half controlled bridge rectifier, made up of 2 thyristors and 2 diodes.
When the input AC voltage is positive, one of the thyristors is fired with a predetermined delay. It starts conducting and the voltage of the DC link rises. There is lot more information on the report, so do check it out and use this report only for your reference. Thanks to below authors.
Authors: Anuj Kaushal, Chirag Singhal, Devansh Omer, Najeeb Ansari, Ritesh Sati.
Dec 10, 2016
This is Mechanical diploma project on "pneumatic sheet cutting machine". The sheet metal cutting process is a main process of the all industries. Normally, the sheet metal cutting instrument is manually hand operated one for medium and small scale industries. In this project we are going to automate it. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
Automation in the modern world is inevitable. Any automatic machine aimed at the economical use of man, machine, and material worth the most. In our project is solenoid valve is used for automation.
The sheet metal cutting machine works with the help of pneumatic double acting cylinder. The piston is connected to the moving cutting tool. It is used to cut the small size of sheet metal. The machine is portable in size, so easy transportable.
Pneumatics is widely associated with low cost automation. It generally offers the lowest initial and operating cost and simple, flexible control systems. Though pneumatic system is the study properties of air other gases, we are concerned with the study of air.
The major components of these systems are,
2. Pneumatic Cylinder
3. Solenoid Valve
4. Hose and fitting
6. Control Timer Circuit
7. Flow control valve
Construction of this devices is similar to that of an internal combustion (IC) engine which consist of cost-iron or aluminum body with an oil tank, the base piston with piston rings, valves, connecting rods, cranks, crank shaft and bearing etc. If the piston is moving down air is sucked in via the suction valve and a filter and is compressed in return stroke.
The pressure switch is attached to the driving motor and is ready such that it automatically trips off, disconnecting the electric connection to the motor as as quickly as the receiver achieves the desired set pressure.
The safety valve is set to the same pressure limit and in case of the pressure exceeds this limit, it automatically opens and excess pressure is exhausted to the atmosphere, thus limiting the system pressure to the desired level. The drain valve drains off the condensate produced at the condenser and the receiver piston rings are used around the piston to make it airtight.
This project report includes introduction, pneumatic system, components and description, working principle, design and drawings, applications and disadvantages, advantages, list of materials & cost estimation. Use this report for your reference and study work.
Dec 2, 2016
This is Mechanical engineering project on "Auto Electric Jack", which is an electrically operated car jack. An automotive jack is a device used to raise all or part of a vehicle into the air in order to facilitate repairs. This auto electric jack automatically operated by switch buttons consists of a base, a load engaging head, gearing system and stabilizer base. The prototype includes motor powered from the cigarette lighter adapter. The motor with gearing system will be the lifting mechanism. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
At the time of emergency, when you want to lift the car, just press the button and release the button at a desired height level. The common problem faced by the current available car jacks in the market is it is manually operated and needed physical effort to lift the vehicle.
All the analysis and outcomes inclusive of the torque needed and gearing ratio is critical on this task earlier than had to be evolved. The developed automatic vehicle jacker is base at the result and evaluation component to raise a Kancil automobile (682kg). The stress and Von Mises stress are additional analysis on the gearing parts to know how much stress applied on the system to avoid failure. The developed automatic car jacker is a success which it able to lift a kancil’s car according to the set scopes
A mechanical jack is a device which lifts heavy system. The most common place form is a car jack, floor jack or storage jack which lifts vehicles so that preservation can be performed. Car jacks typically use mechanical advantage to allow a human to lift a vehicle. Extra effective jacks use hydraulic strength to provide more lift over more distances. Mechanical jacks are generally rated for a most lifting potential (as an example, 1.5 tons or 3 heaps).
In order to fulfill the needs of present car jack, some improvement must be made base on the problems statement:
1. To design a car jack that is safe, reliable and able to raise and lower the height level.
2. To develop a car jack that is powered by internal car power and fully automated with a button system.
Present car jack do not have a lock or extra beam to withstand the massive load of the car. This is for the safety precaution in case if the screw break and this project on auto electric jack is surely gonna solve this problem. Use this project for your reference and study work.
Author:- Mahesh Patidar, Nandkishor Prajapati, Sanjay Patidar, Sunil Patidar
Nov 27, 2016
This is Mechanical project on "hydraulic bearing puller" and deals with design and fabrication of a hydraulic bearing puller, which is used for removing bearings from the shaft and the bearing cup with the help of a hydraulic. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
First of all the bearing shaft is held between two fixtures. The hydraulic is passed to the direction control valve. The top fixture is moves up wards, so that the bearing is eliminated from the shaft. The hydraulic bearing puller and pusher perform both pulling and pushing operation safely and without harming bearing surfaces.
The hydraulic bearing puller is used to getting rid of the bearings in the shaft by holding the bearing shaft in between two fixtures. One of the fixtures is movable and the other one is fixed. The principle of operation is the same as the conventional simple press. The difference is being only in the type of drive and the type of fixtures used.
The following points exhibits why we've to make use of this type of press for removing bearings.
Hydraulic bearing puller reduces the manual work.
This type of machine reduces working time in removing bearings.
By using this machine the bearings can be removed in the various lengths of shaft (up to 600mm).
The hydraulic bearing puller is used to removing bearings in the shaft up to a length of 600mm. In the hydraulic bearing puller the main thing being the pressure developed is done with the help of a pump. The oil in that pump is passed to the cylinder.
While the oil is surpassed to the valve, the specified velocity of the piston is received with the aid of adjusting its knob. When the oil is passed to the valve, the up/downward movement of piston is controlled by the hand liver. The bearing shaft is connected to the top fixture. A bottom fixture is fixed on the bottom plate by using bolts and nuts.
We have added 2 project report in it. Use this project on "hydraulic bearing puller" for your reference and study purpose only.
Nov 13, 2016
This is Civil engineering project report on "alternate building materials". This paper examines a broad range of traditional and modern natural construction methods, including straw-bale, light-clay, cob, adobe, rammed earth and pise, earth bag, earth-sheltered, bamboo, and hybrid systems. From adobe to straw bales, traditional building substances are being tailored to fulfill code-required requirements for health and protection in modern-day homes around the sector. not most effective are they cost effective and environmentally pleasant, but, when used efficiently, these herbal alternatives match the energy and durability of many fundamental circulate production materials. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
It also covers key ecological design principles, as well as current engineering and building codes. In an increasingly resource-conscious era, alternative construction is truly an idea whose time has come. This paper thus provides information to create low-impact, high-quality buildings that meet the highest levels of comfort, health, and safety. We believe that un-sustainability does not arise out of ignorance, irrationality or greed.
Recommended Project: Training Report on Residential Building Construction
In most parts of the country, the soil holding capacity is very low or the soil of expansive nature like black cotton soil. Under such conditions, use under-reamed or pedestal pile foundation with plinth beams.
Under reamed pile foundation is ideally suitable in the areas where the black cotton soil or expansive soil is beyond 2.50 meter. The basic principle of under reamed pile is to anchor the structure at a depth where ground movement are negligible due to moisture variation or other reasons. Simple tools are required for construction of under-reamed piles like spiral auger, under reaming tool, and boring guide.
This paper presents a vision for the potential economic gains associated with green building. Use this report for your reference and study only. Thanks to author of the project.
Author:- A. Andusudar
Nov 12, 2016
Peddling washing system is a totally brilliant innovation in its very own. Peddling washing machine is in particular made for the cause of its utilization to wash the cloth by way of applying pedal. Today because of non renewable strength cries its basic want to utilize the power from other manner or store the power. This undertaking includes the construction and usage of the peddling washing system that may with any quantity of requirement. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
The subsequent pages within this project report of "peddling washing machine" consists of approximately the constructions of peddling washing gadget, its raw material, it’s running, benefits of the peddling washing machine with recognize to real electronics washing device are that it save the time, water, electricity, and also not very highly-priced. Its essential anticipate is exercises with applying the pedal to wash the cloth.
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Our keen effort to choose the “Peddling Washing Machine” for our mission paintings promised to be very thrilling from the factor of view of each the manufacture and application.“PEDDLING WASHING system” is the maximum green. it's far used for wash the fabric by using applying pedal. Peddling washing gadget is one of the most compact and efficient fashions. It’s find beneficial application inside the wash the material by way of making use of pedal in very much less time.
Pedal power washing machine means applying the pedal rotate the drum attached with the shaft by means of chain drive and create the resistance (Turbulence) between inside drum water, cloth, powder to wash the cloth.
Currently we are having many types of washing machines. Some of them are for industrial work and others for consumer use; some have top-loading and others front-loading design; some of them include spin dryer and others do not. Nowadays, many washing machines offer digital technologies that help you control details such as time, speed and vibrations during the drying process. Modern machines' goal is to finish a great load of work in a short time, with the less possible users' help.
From this project, it can be concluded that the “peddling washing machine” is completely easy but very effective layout of washing cloth which if brought into application in the rural areas of the developing countries can aid a lot of plight and the suffering of the poor peoples who find it very difficult to wash cloth by means of hand.
Thus it is used as a application keeping in mind the social welfare of the peoples of the rural areas. Also It is safe in working condition and hence it does not require any safety guards during operation. The cost of maintenance is a low and it has a long life.
Author:- Patel Naresh, Patel Jaymin, Bhutaka Ashwin, Oza Nirav
Nov 6, 2016
This is Computer Science project on an "automated patients records keeping management" and this project will be in the area of Management Information Systems (MIS). An Information System (IS) is a set of interrelated components that gather (or retrieve), process, store and disseminates information to support decision making and control in an organization. The overall objective of study was to develop a management information system for keeping records of patients in hospitals. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
A Management Information System (MIS) is commonly a computer based system, that collects, processes data (information) and provides it to managers at all tiers that use it for decision making, planning, program implementation, and is comprised of all the components that collect manage and disseminate records or information.
Objectives of Automated Patients Records Keeping Management System
i. To identify the system requirements by studying the current system.
ii. To design a management information system for keeping records of patients in Doctor’s Medicare Clinic.
iii. To implement the developed management information system.
iv. To test and validate the developed system by use of the case study.
Many health units use manual systems of data management with no customized software application to speed up data processing; this has led to time wastage in locating of different documents and a lot of paper work in the offices. A customized management information system will help the health unit in improving the data security, easy record access, and reduction on stationary costs among others.
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In addition, patients will be able to know their medication details, how long their admission will take, it will also enable the management to know who are currently admitted, which rooms are available, and the available drugs and this will be done at a faster rate than before and errors will be minimized.
This propose project is limited to only patient records and it does not accommodate the rest of the data about the clinic or even the staff data. And also the system is not online, the user can only access it locally, it does not favor remote users. Though in future development it can be enhanced. Use this report for your reference only and all credit goes to author of the project.
Author:- Nanyonjo Joyce