Recent Articles

Aug 24, 2014

Project on Automatic Escalator System

Aug 24, 2014 - 0 Comments

Automatic Escalator System is a very useful project and help in reducing the use of energy and providing efficient system. This project has variety of applications. The main part of this project are Human sensor, Micro-controller unit, driver unit and escalator motor. The whole system is automatic and when someone steps on the escalator, it senses it and according go up or down. This project is build using AT89S52 microcontroller unit and LM7805voltage regulator IC. The Micro-controller programs are written in assembly language. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Automatic Escalator System

An escalator could be a staircase conveyor transport device for carrying folks between floors of a building. The device consists of a motor-driven chain of individual, coupled steps that move up or down on tracks, permitting the step treads to stay horizontal.

Recommended Project: Automatic Bottle Filling System using PLC

Escalators area unit used round the world to maneuver foot traffic in places wherever elevators would be impractical. Principal areas of usage embody shops, searching malls, airports, transit systems, convention centers, hotels, and public buildings.

This project report contains circuit diagram, component description, requirement and aim of project etc. Use this project material for reference only.


Aug 17, 2014

Sprocket - Side Stand Retrieve System

Aug 17, 2014 - 0 Comments

This is Mechanical project report on Sprocket side stand retrieve system, which help in avoiding accidents which occur due to not lifting of side stand in two wheelers. This is the major problem in Rural and urban area and contribute to a good percentage of accidents occurring during a year. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Sprocket - Side Stand Retrieve System

To prevent such accidents due to side-stand, many other methods were used earlier like ECU and mechanical project but they are not so successful. ECU methods are implemented only in costlier bikes and do not implemented in normal domestic bikes due to their high cost.

Recommended Project: Design & Fabrication of Film Frame by Geneva Mechanism

Mechanical projects also have drawbacks like wear out of gears, making injuries in legs while actuating gears. Major drawback is it cannot use in all type of two-wheelers. So, to overcome these drawbacks “Sprocket Side Stand Retrieve System” is designed which can be attached in all type of two-wheelers (mopeds, geared, non-geared, hand geared bikes).

Sprocket-side stand retrieve system is designed using the working principle of two-wheeler according to which the power is generated in the engine and it transmits power to the pinion and makes it to rotate. The pinion transmits power to the rear wheel pinion and makes the vehicle to move. This system works by getting power from chain drive.

Recommended Project: Electric Power Assisted Steering (EPAS)

This sprocket system consists of four components, which is assembled as two set up which would be explained briefly in construction and working part of this paper.

The systematic design of system is made in order to consume only very low amount of power initially for few seconds to retrieve the stand. Then the power consumption does not occurs after retrieving the stand. Construction of the proposed “sprocket side stand retrieve system” consists of four major components. They are

1. Axle
2. Sprocket pinion
3. Lifting lever
4. Pushing lever

Sprocket is the major component of this system because it is power transmitting device. It gets power from the chain drive and makes this system to work. It is the device which transmits the linear motion of meshing chain drive into rotary motion by means of the tooth found on it.

This report contains the full working of this project, assembly, construction details etc. Use this report for your reference and study purpose only.


Aug 13, 2014

ASP based Training & Placement Cell Management Project

Aug 13, 2014 - 0 Comments

Training and Placement management system aims at providing the power to alter and change the method of registration and list generation of eligible students for placement. This method offer facility to TPO to try to to all their work concerning placement like assembling Student Records, Registering the appropriate Students, to examine the amount and share of placed & unsuccessful students, and vital announcements to alternative departments. The entire work is machine-driven which can be done online. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Training & Placement Cell Management Project

Computer primarily based system are designed to enhance existing system. Regardless of the data, TPO has got to pass the information to the students and he can easily do this online using this system and improve accuracy in result. It's user friendly interface having fast documented access to documents. It provides the power of maintaining the small print of the scholars.

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It'll cut back the paper work and utilize the most capabilities of the setup and organization furthermore because it will save time and cash that are invested in creating reports and assembling knowledge. It will be accessed throughout the organization and out of doors furthermore with correct login provided. This method will be used as an application for faculty to manage the coed data with regards to placement.

Below are hardware and software requirement to complete this project:

Hardware Interfaces:

1. Processor : Pentium 4, 1.2 GHz or above.
2. Hard Disk: 40 GB or above.
3. RAM: 512 MB or above.

Software Interfaces:

Operating System : Windows 2007
Backend : SQL Server 2005/2008/2008R2
Frontend : Visual Studio 2008/2010
Server : IIS
Scripting Languages : Java Script
Server Side Scripting : Asp.net
Markup Languages : HTML, XML

Project encompasses a massive scope to try to. We tend students will maintain their data and may update it. Notifications are sent to students regarding different companies visiting campus or Off campus. Students will access previous data regarding placement. This method has scope of improvement amendments. In future, sector will communicate with one another on-line. All presently active inquires can even be side within the web site to look at if on-line.

Recommended Project: Web based Project on Online Career Guidance and Placement Unit

This application will be changed from time to time as per the ever-changing demand of the user with lesser price additionally the backend of the appliance will be modified as per the storage demand of the appliance and to supply a lot of security level options.

This report on training and placement cell management include functional and non functional requirement, interface used, system design, module, coding of the project like home page coding, master page, admin page etc., DFD diagrams, white box testing, screenshots of different pages and many more topics. Use this report for your reference and study purpose only.

Author:-Manoj Sharma


Aug 4, 2014

Chemical Project on Cryogenic Air Separation

Aug 4, 2014 - 0 Comments

This project describes the cryogenic air separation to its components (Nitrogen, Oxygen and Argon). A special attention was devoted to the separation of argon. In theoretical part we included information about air properties, separation process, air cooling, air clearing, distillation of air, products of air and their application and other aspects of air separation. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Cryogenic Air Separation

In practical parts we have described: Thermodynamic of air separation, in this section the Peng‐Robinson state equation for calculation of equilibrium coefficient of nitrogen and oxygen system was used. And also the isobarict, xy and x,y diagrams of N2‐O2 and Ar‐O2 binary systems at different pressures were analyzed. After that we Calculated air distillation by McCabe‐Thiele method, and Enthalpy balance of reboiler and total condenser was done.

Recommended Project: Acid, Basic, Disperse Dyes and their Application

Aspen simulation of air separation process forms the core of this work. The process flow sheet including heat exchange and cryogenic separation was designed. Material and enthalpy balance calculations in steady state were made for all basic process equipment. The work contents the results of process simulation including results of material and enthalpy
balances, temperature and composition profiles in all columns. The optimal parameter of distillation column such as reflux ratio, number of theoretical stages and feed stages were set.


Jul 28, 2014

Mechanical Project on Solar Air Cooling

Jul 28, 2014 - 0 Comments

This is very innovative Mechanical project on Solar air cooling. Solar air conditioning has great potential. Sunlight is most plentiful in the summer when cooling loads are highest. The new solar air-conditioning system takes a much different approach. It is a thermally driven system that differs from earlier thermal systems in that it is designed to work with low-temperature solar collectors and includes low-cost energy storage.

Energy is stored in the form of a concentrated salt solution that can be used to provide dehumidification. A cooler with a special heat exchanger design combines the dehumidification from the desiccant with cooling from evaporation of water to provide air conditioning. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Solar Air Cooling

The overall objective of the project is to demonstrate a thermally driven solar air conditioner that has the potential of being economically viable compared to conventional electrically driven systems. The immediate objectives were to obtain component test data and modeling results that can be used to support the overall objective.

Recommended Project: Intelligent Solar Tracking System

Above figure shows a schematic diagram of a proposed thermal driven solar air conditioner that addresses the problems of the earlier systems. The basic idea is to use a desiccant liquid (preferably calcium chloride, CaCl2) for cooling and dehumidifying. The cooler uses the calcium chloride to dehumidify the air. Water is evapouratively cooled with exhaust air. Approximate air dry-bulb/wet-bulb temperatures in degrees F are included in the figure for illustration purposes. This schematic shows the configuration of cooler evaluated in this project; other configurations are possible and are discussed in the copy of the patent in the appendix.

Recommended Project: Air-Conditioning System Design

The operation of cooler requires further explanation. The driving force behind this cooler is a temperature difference between a water surface and a desiccant surface in contact with an air stream. The temperature of a water surface is close to the wet-bulb temperature of the air, while the temperature of a desiccant surface corresponds to a higher temperature. For a concentrated solution of calcium chloride, the temperature difference between the wet-bulb and the desiccant equilibrium temperature is approximately 15 to 20 °F. The cooler provides a way of using a relatively weak desiccant to efficiently provide cooling.

Author:-Maneesh Bhardwaj


Jul 22, 2014

Fabrication of Active Air Suspension System

Jul 22, 2014 - 0 Comments

Fabrication of an Active Air Suspension System is a final year Mechanical project. Air ride suspension carries the load on each axle with a pressurized air bag just as a high pressure balloon. This system provides the smoothest and most shock free ride of any of the known vehicle suspension system. An air suspension includes a multiple air spring assemblies that each includes a piston airbag and a primary airbag mounted over the piston airbag. The primary and piston airbags each have a variable volume that is controlled independently of the other for active suspension control. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Active Air Suspension System

The active air suspension system is an air-controlled, micro-processor controlled suspension system. The system replaces the conventional coil spring suspension and provides automatic front and rear load levelling. The four air springs, made of rubber and plastic, support the vehicle load at the front and rear wheels. This technology allows car producers to achieve a greater degree of ride quality and car handling by keeping the tires perpendicular to the road in corners, allowing better traction and control. An on-board computer detects body movement from sensors throughout the vehicle and, using data calculated by opportune control techniques, controls the action of the active and semi-active suspensions.

Recommended Project: Virtual Reality Modeling of a Car Suspension

Active air suspension system consists of an air tank, 4-way air valve assembly (pressure solenoids), air compressors, the necessary pressure sensors, all wiring and air fittings, and an in-car electronic control module. In order to understand the working of active air suspension system, we need to understand functions of each component. The report contains full explanation of active air suspension and its construction. Use it for your reference and study work.

Author:- Kuldeep Dobhal, Anukriti Goel, Anurag Joshi, Digvijay Singh Bisht


Jul 14, 2014

Human Detecting Robot using RF Communication

Jul 14, 2014 - 0 Comments

This project is very useful and presents a human being detecting robot using RF communication with wireless real time image transmission and it is designed and implemented with Atmel 89C51 MCU in embedded system domain. The robot is moved in particular direction using switches and the images are captured and images are watched on the laptop. Aims at making the robot to move in any direction, connected at the receiver side, specified by the user at the transmitter side using RF technology. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

The project uses the RF technology, wireless camera and Embedded Systems to design this application. The main aim of the project is to design a system that continuously checks for the data received from the transmitter section and also monitor video captured by the and transmit the same to remotely placed or a Personal computer.

Recommended Project: Obstacle Avoiding Robot using Micro-controller

Signal received by the RF receiver shown above will be processed by microcontroller and send it to motor drive ckt IC. whenever we give command signal from system, RF receiver circuit received the RF signal then moving robot drive by motor ckt, perform some operation like forward, back, stop, left and right. The result showed in this project after experiment shows that higher efficiency is indeed achieved using the embedded system. The proposed method is verified to be highly beneficial for the security purpose and industrial purpose.

The future aspect of our project we can use flying object and work on image processing technique. This report includes circuit diagram, block diagram of RF transmitter and receiver, microcontroller programming and full working of the project. Use this for your reference and study work only.


Jul 6, 2014

Pick & Place Electrical Controlled Mechanical Arm

Jul 6, 2014 - 0 Comments

Robotic manipulator or a mechanical arm is a widely used robot in industry which is an open or closed kinematic chain of rigid links interconnected by movable joints. In some configurations, links can be considered to correspond to human anatomy as waist, upper arm and forearm with joint at shoulder and elbow. In this project pick and place mechanical arm is designed for loading and packing. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Above shown is block diagram of interfacing of mechanical arm. All the various problems and obstructions for the loading process has been deeply analyzed and been taken into consideration while designing the pick and place mechanical arm. The pick and place mechanical arm is a human controlled based system that detects the object, picks that object from source location and places at desired location. For detection of object, human detect presence of object and move machine accordingly.

Recommended Project: Pneumatic Robotic Arm

Industrial mechanical arm are found in a variety of locations including the automobile and manufacturing industries. Mechanical arm cut and shape fabricated parts, assemble machinery and inspect manufactured parts. Mechanical Arm is of different types depending upon their applications. Industrial Mechanical arm, Mobile Mechanical arm, Agriculture Mechanical arm, Telemechanical arm and Service Mechanical arm are some of the type.

A mechanical arm vehicle is an automatic machine that is capable of locomotion. Mobile mechanical arm have the capability to move around in their environment and are not fixed to one physical location. By contrast, industrial mechanical arm are usually more-or-less stationary, consisting of a jointed arm (multi-linked manipulator) and gripper assembly (or end effector), attached to a fixed surface.

Author:- Harpreet Singh, Kamlesh Nayal, Upkar Singh, Gurpreet Singh


Jul 2, 2014

Implementing Cascade Integer Comb filter for Software Defined Radio Applications

Jul 2, 2014 - 0 Comments

This is a Electronics engineering project for final year students on "Implementing Cascade Integer Comb (CIC) filter for software defined radio applications". Software defined radio (SDR) is a radio in which the properties of carrier frequency, signal bandwidth, modulation, and several other characteristics are defined by software. Cascaded Integrator comb (CIC) decimation filter is useful to reduce the data sampling rate such high bandwidth applications. In this project a full-fledged digital down conversion system will be developed in VHDL for FPGA based software defined radio applications. The CIC based architecture will be implemented in VHDL and will be tested on Xilinx FPGAs. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Implementing Cascade Integer Comb filter for Software Defined Radio Applications

The CIC filter can implement an interpolation or decimation filter (see above fig.) that uses only delay and add operations and thus is well-suited for FPGA and ASIC implementation. Furthermore, the same basic filter structure can be used to handle variable sample rate conversion.

The major blocks in design would include digital I and Q carrier generators, digital mixers, decimating/interpolating CIC filters and clock distribution circuits. The blocks such as, adder, multipliers, registers and clock & control circuitry will be used in implementing these blocks.

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In this paper, OUI is used which is SOPC builder provides to design the hardware of CIC decimation filter component. We design the software driver files for the hardware of CIC component, generate a component and establish an SOPC system in SOPC Builder. Finally, the designed system is downloaded to the device and verified in FPGA.

Author:- Ripudaman Singh Rathore and Rajat Arora


Jun 24, 2014

Natural Frequency, Mode Shape & Model Analysis in FEM

Jun 24, 2014 - 0 Comments

The idea behind the finite element method (FEM), or finite element analysis (FEA), is based on building of a complicated object with simple blocks, or, dividing a complicated object into small and manageable pieces. Application of this simple idea can be found everywhere in everyday life, as well as in engineering. This is a good Mechanical seminar on analysis of natural frequency, mode shape and model using FEM. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Natural frequency is the frequency at which a system naturally vibrates once it has been set into motion. In alternative words, natural frequency is the number of times a system will oscillate (move back and forth) between its original position and its displaced position, if there is no outside interference.

Recommended Project: Curves and their Applications to Factoring Polynomials

Resonance is the buildup of large vibration amplitude that occurs when a structure or an object is excited at its natural frequency. Resonance can be either desirable or undesirable. Acoustic resonance, a desirable resonance, occurs in many different musical instruments.

FEM model for a gear tooth

Various experiment and analysis are carried out in this report and this report is divided into many chapters. Above image shows FEM model for a gear tooth.

Why Finite Element Method?

1. Design analysis: hand calculations, experiments, and computer simulations.
2. FEM/FEA is the most widely applied computer simulation method in engineering.
3. Closely integrated with CAD/CAM applications.

Below are some of the applications of FEM in engineering:

Mechanical/Aerospace/Civil/Automobile Engineering, Structure analysis (static/dynamic, linear/nonlinear), Thermal/fluid flows, Electromagnetics, Geo-mechanics, Biomechanics etc.

Author:-Deepak Bailwal


Jun 16, 2014

Training Report on Residential Building Construction

Jun 16, 2014 - 0 Comments

This is the training report on Residential Building Construction which is taken at “Shree India Real Land Developers Pvt Ltd. and a multistory residential building is studied in this project. This report include project findings, types of buildings, types of material used in construction, function of different material, equipments, machines used, different terms used in construction etc. This project is a multi-storey residential building. This building is constructing for middle class people. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Project on Residential Building Construction

There are various types of building and they are classified on the basis of character of occupancy and type of use as given below:

1. Residential Building
2. Educational Building
3. Institutional Building
4. Industrial Building


In such building sleeping accommodation is provided. IT includes the living room, bed room, kitchen, hall, toilet and bath room. It may be a single storey building or apartments.

Recommended Project: Civil Project on Design of R.C.C. Over Head Tank


These includes any building using for school, college, assembly for instruction, education or recreation.


These building are used for different purposes , such as medical or other treatment or care of a person suffering from a physical or mental illness etc. These building includes hospital, sanitoria, jail etc.


These are buildings in which products or material s of all kind of properties are fabricated, assembled, processed. For example refineries, gas plant, mills etc.

There are various chapter in this report and in chapter 9 municipal water distribution system is evaluated. This topic has two primary objectives: The first is to understand the evaluation of an installed municipal water supply delivery system by identifying all the physical components of any specific water distribution system. The same basic concepts and principles apply to small community water systems and large city water systems.

Author:- Mahesh Choudhary


Jun 3, 2014

Mechanical Project on Internal Gear Pumps

Jun 3, 2014 - 0 Comments

Internal gear pumps are widely used and versatile. While they are often used on thin liquids such as solvents and fuel oil, they excel at efficiently pumping thick liquids such as asphalt, chocolate, and adhesives. The useful viscosity range of an internal gear pump is from 1cPs to over 1,000,000cP. In this project, a bipolar stepper motor is used, which is used widely in all kinds of floppy drives and CD drives. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Internal Gear Pumps

The internal gear pump is non-pulsing, self-priming, and may dry for brief periods. They are conjointly bi-rotational, that means that identical pump will be used to load and unload vessels. As a result of internal gear pumps have solely 2 moving components, they're reliable, easy to work, and straightforward to take care of.

The bipolar stepper motor uses two coils, which have two terminals each. There are three parameters of the stepper motor that can be controlled: direction, speed and number of rotations.

Recommended Projects: Automobile Based Mechanical Projects

To change the direction of the motor, you have to change the sequence of pulses applied to its coils. The pulse sequence for clock-wise and anticlockwise rotation is shown in the table on the next page for better understanding. In the table, ‘0’ and ‘1’ indicate low logic, and high logic, respectively.

Working of Internal Gear Pump

1. Liquid enters the suction port between the rotor (large exterior gear) and layabout (small interior gear) teeth. The arrows indicate the direction of the pump and liquid.
2. Liquid travels through the pump between the teeth of the "gear-within-a-gear" principle. The crescent form divides the liquid and acts as a seal between the suction and discharge ports.
3. The pump head is currently nearly flooded, simply before forcing the liquid out of the discharge port. Inter-meshing gears of the layabout and rotor type latched pockets for the liquid that assures volume management.
4. Rotor and layabout teeth mesh fully to create a seal equal from the discharge and suction ports. This seal forces the liquid out of the discharge port.

Application of internal gear pump are:

• All varieties of fuel oil and lube oil
• Resins and Polymers
Alcohols and solvents
• Asphalt, Bitumen, and Tar
• Polyurethane foam (Isocyanate and polyol)
• Food products such as corn syrup, chocolate, and peanut butter
• Paint, inks, and pigments
• Soaps and surfactants
• Glycol

This report contains full description so component, working, circuit diagram, block diagram, assembly language programming etc. to complete the project. Use this report for your reference and study work only.

Author:-Kripal Singh Chauhan, Nitin Rautela, Mustakeem Ali, Ramashankar, Rohit Saini


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