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Mar 27, 2015

Project on Solar Automatic Panel

Mar 27, 2015 - 0 Comments

Solar automatic panel also can be known as as Intelligent solar panel as a result of it converts the alternative energy to voltage with most potency by itself. Renewable energy is speedily gaining importance as associate energy resource as fossil costs fluctuate. At the academic level, it's so vital for engineering associated technology students to own an understanding and appreciation of the technology related to renewable energy. One of the most popular renewable energy sources is solar energy. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.



Solar tracking permits additional energy to be generated as a result of the solar battery is in a position to take care of a perpendicular profile to the sun’s rays. this technique builds upon a previous senior style project wherever students designed a solar-powered device, therefore creating this technique ideally self-contained. Potential enhancements to the system are exhausted the project.


Block Diagram of Solar Automatic Panel


This project consists of a solar panel whose position is controlled by a DC motor. The motor is formed to rotate in such some way that it invariably positions to a locality wherever most daylight falls. This is done by creating use of a lightweight dependent electrical device.


Recommended Project: Design and Fabrication of Solar Food Dryer


LDRs are placed within the solar battery to find the daylight. The detected values from the LDRs ar compared and also the region having the utmost daylight is known. Then turns the motor to it position wherever most daylight falls. The solar battery is usually position into the utmost sun light-weight mechanically.


It absolutely was resolved that real time chase would be necessary to follow the sun effectively. In order that no external information would be needed operational. Solar arrays or panels are getting used more and more as efficiencies reach higher levels, and are particularly in style in remote areas wherever placement of electricity lines isn't economically viable. various power supply has been unendingly achieving larger quality particularly since the realisation of fossil fuel’s shortcomings.


The distinctive feature of this technique is that rather than taking the planet as its reference, it takes the sun as a guiding supply. Its active sensors perpetually monitor the daylight and move the panel towards the direction wherever the intensity of sunlight is most.

Whole project report on solar automatic panel is divided into different chapters, and contains detail study about project and its component. It also include basic block diagram of the project, use this project for your reference and study work.


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Mar 21, 2015

Microcontroller based Bidirectional Visitor Counter Electronics Project Report

Mar 21, 2015 - 0 Comments

This is a good Electronics project report on Microcontroller based bidirectional visitor counter and is designed and presented in order to count the visitors of an auditorium, hall, offices, malls, sports venue, etc. The system counts both the entering and exiting visitor of the auditorium or hall or other place, where it is placed. The report includes the block diagram, working of the project, circuit diagram etc. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such Projects and Seminar.


Depending upon the signal from the sensors, this project detects the entry and exit of the visitor. On the successful implementation of the visitor counter, it displays the number of visitor present in the auditorium or hall. This system can be economically implemented in all the places where the visitors have to be counted and controlled. Since counting the visitors helps to maximize the efficiency and effectiveness of employees, floor area and sales potential of an organization, etc.


Micro-controller based Bidirectional Visitor Counter Electronics Project Report

The circuit shows the microcontroller based bidirectional visitor counter, wherein the transmitter and the receiver form the IR detection circuit. Control logic is built around transistors, operational amplifier LM324 (IC1) and flip-flop (IC2).


The program coding for this bidirectional visitor counter circuit is written in ‘C’ language and is compiled using C51 Keil compiler and is given in this report for your reference. The circuit may also be enhanced with a wide counting range of above three digits by modifying software section of the system. It can also be enhanced for long and accurate sensing range using a laser torch instead of IR transmission circuit. Thus the circuit can be used to monitor visitor flow in effective manner, where the visitors have to counted and controlled.

Recommended Project: Mini Project on Digital Fan Regulator


The above image shows the block diagram of the project bidirectional visitor counter whose different block are sensor, logic control circuit, Microcontroller, display & power supply. The project report include full description of the block devices and working of the project. Use this project for your reference and study only.

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Mar 15, 2015

DC Motor Speed Control using Microcontroller PIC-16F877A

Mar 15, 2015 - 0 Comments

Micro-controller is a very widely used electronic component and today we are showing your another example of it. Today's' project topic is "DC motor speed control using Microcontroller PIC16F877A" and we are sharing full project report of it. This is a very good project work for final year Electronics and Electrical students. This project is mainly focus on DC motor speed control system by using microcontroller PIC 16F877A. It is a closed-loop real time control system, where optical encoder (built during this project) is coupled to the motor shaft to produce the feedback speed signal to controller. Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) technique is employed where its signal is generated in microcontroller. Micro-controller acts as proportional (P) controller with Kp =1 in this study. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


Basic block diagram for DC Motor speed control using Microcontroller PIC-16F877A


The PWM signal are going to be send to motor driver to vary the voltage provide to motor to take care of at constant speed. A program in Visual Basic 6 is developed to produce a graphic computer program (GUI) for the user to enter desired speed at laptop. Besides, it additionally shows a graph of motor speed versus time to let the user monitor the performance of the system simply. supported the result, the reading of optical encoder engineered is sort of reliable. Through the project, it may be ended that microcontroller PIC 16F877A will management motor speed at desired speed though there's a variation of load.

Circuit of PIC16F877A


The goal of this project is to design a DC motor speed control system by using microcontroller PIC16F877A. It is a closed-loop real time control system. The controller will maintain the speed at desired speed when there is a variation of load. By varying the PWM signal from microcontroller (P controller) to the motor driver, motor speed can be controlled back to desired value easily.

Recommended Project: Automatic Railway Gate Control & Track Switching

For this project, by applying Kp =1 to P controller in microcontroller, the speed response become under-damped response. If Kp less than 1, the speed response is not satisfied. At some greater gain, the speed response of the control loop becomes a steady-state oscillation. If the gain is increased past the point where steady oscillation is observed, the control loop will become unstable and the oscillations will increase in amplitude. The motor will suddenly speed up and it will damage the motor.


This project report is complete in every aspect and contains, block diagram, flow charts, full explanation of the project and components, microcontroller programming, advantages and disadvantages of various types of DC motor, speed measurement of DC Motor etc., so use this report for your reference and study work.


Project Author:- Abhijit Maity, Krishna Narayan Chowdhury, Nilesh Kumar Mal, Pinaki Dutta, Shyamal Kumar Bera, Sohini Chowdhury, Soumik Chakraborty, Subhadip Karmahapatra, Suhel Mohammed


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Mar 12, 2015

Kinetic Energy Recovery System

Mar 12, 2015 - 0 Comments

Kinetic Energy Recovery System is a mechanisms that recover the energy that would normally be lost when reducing speed. The energy is stored in a mechanical form and retransmitted to the wheel in order to help the acceleration. Electric vehicles and hybrid have a similar system called Regenerative Brake which restores the energy in the batteries. The device recovers the kinetic energy that is present in the waste heat created by the car’s braking process. It stores that energy and converts it into power that can be called upon to boost acceleration. You can also subscribe to our newsletter below by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Kinetic Energy Recovery System

There are principally two types of system - battery (electrical) and flywheel (mechanical). Electrical systems use a motor-generator incorporated in the car’s transmission which converts mechanical energy into electrical energy and vice versa. Once the energy has been harnessed, it is stored in a battery and released when required.

Recommended Project: Intelligent Reverse braking System

In essence a KERS systems is simple, you need a component for generating the power, one for storing it and another to control it all. Thus KERS systems have three main components: The MGU, the PCU and the batteries.

Advanced transmissions that incorporate hi-tech flywheels are now being used as regenerative systems in such things as formula-1 cars, where they're typically referred to as kinetic energy recovery systems (KERS).
The types of KERS that have been developed are:

4.1. Mechanical KERS
4.2. Electro-mechanical KERS
4.3. Hydraulic KERS
4.4. Electronic KERS

By adopting the cheaper and lighter flywheel system (the ideal solution if it could be made to fit into the no-refueling era cars), a more powerful boost, and limiting the number of activations in a race it would cover all the bases it needs to. It would be affordable for the all the teams, deliver performances as well as being a more interesting race variable. Use this report for your reference and study work only.

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Mar 7, 2015

Seminar on Solar Power Towers

Mar 7, 2015 - 0 Comments

Solar Power Towers is a good seminar topic for Mechanical students and other related branch and are also knows as 'Central Tower' power plants or 'Heliostat' power plants or power towers, is a type of solar furnace using a tower to receive the focused sunlight. It uses an array of flat, moveable mirrors (called heliostats) to focus the sun's rays upon a collector tower (the target). You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such Projects and Seminar.

Solar Power Towers


The high energy at now of targeted daylight is transferred to a substance that may store the warmth for later use. The more modern heat transfer material that has been with success incontestable is liquid Sodium. Sodium may be a metal with a high heat capability, permitting that energy to be keep and drawn off throughout the evening. That energy will, in turn, be accustomed boil water to be used in steam turbines. Water had originally been used as a heat transfer medium in earlier power tower versions (where the resultant steam was accustomed power a turbine). This method didn't yield power generation throughout the evening.


Recommended Project: Microcontroller based Time Operated Solar Tracking System


Solar power towers generate electric power from sunlight by focusing concentrated solar radiation on a tower-mounted heat exchanger (receiver). The system uses hundreds to thousands of sun-tracking mirrors called heliostats to reflect the incident sunlight onto the receiver. These plants are best suited for utility-scale applications in the 30 to 400 MWe range.



The heliostat field that surrounds the tower is set intent on optimize the annual performance of the plant. The sector and therefore the receiver are sized counting on the requirements of the utility. in an exceedingly typical installation, alternative energy assortment happens at a rate that exceeds the utmost needed to supply steam to the rotary engine. Consequently, the thermal storage system are often charged at constant time that the plant is manufacturing power at full capability. The quantitative relation of the thermal power provided by the collector system (the heliostat field and receiver) to the height thermal power needed by the rotary engine generator is termed the star multiple.

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Mar 2, 2015

Study on Absenteeism of Workers

Mar 2, 2015 - 0 Comments

Study on Absenteeism of workers is MBA project carried on Nutrine. This is HR project for MBA students, use this for reference and study. Employees’ presence at the organization during the schedule time is highly essential for the smooth running of the production process in particular and the organization in general. Irrespective of the significance of presence, employees sometime fail to report to the work place during the scheduled time, which is known as “Absenteeism”. This study focus on same and will cover type of absenteeism, calculations of absenteeism, features etc. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


Study on Absenteeism of Workers

Absenteeism has been multifariously outlined by the Authorities from time to time. so the term absence refers to the staff absence from his regular task, once he's scheduled to figure. Any staff be from work if he has taken leave to that he's entitled or on the grounds of illness or some accident with none previous sanction of leave.


Recommended Project: Employee Welfare Measure at Rane Brake Linings Ltd.


Study of absence among Industrial employee isn't solely from read purpose of however it's necessary from the read purpose of ethical of staff. albeit the impact of the great morale of staff, might not be calculated in terms of prices, however it ought to be aforementioned that, it's necessary than price.


Types of Absenteeism

Absenteeism is of four types viz…

1. Authorized Absenteeism.
2. Unauthorized Absenteeism.
3. Willful Absenteeism.
4. Absenteeism caused by circumstances beyond one’s control.


Absenteeism rate can be calculated for different employees and for different time periods like month & year. The frequency rate reflects the incidence of absence and is usually expressed as the no of separate absence in a given period, irrespective of absence. The frequency rate represents the average no of absence per worker in a given period.


OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY


The Study aims at assessing the absenteeism in workers.

1. To conduct a detailed study on Absenteeism of Nutrine.
2. To identify the various that lead to Absenteeism.
3. To identify the variables that reduces the rate of Absenteeism
4. To find out the rate of Absenteeism in Nutrine.
5. To find out causes of Absenteeism & suggest remedies to reduce it


There is a transparent relationship between high absence and staff ethical, as a result of it will simply copied that these department having high rate of absence have low ethical.


There is a transparent relationship between employee’s attitude & absence. They're associated with one another. Therefore employee’s angle & morale area unit the necessary factors. Labors is Human issue, thus thought shall even be taken into consideration within the discussion of downside connected within the absence has been continuous to be one amongst the main labors downside in Indian Industries.


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Mar 1, 2015

Production & Broadcasting of TV Programmes at Doordarshan

Mar 1, 2015 - 0 Comments

This is project report on "production & broadcasting of TV programmes" which was carried out at the Doordarshan Kendra Thiruvananthapuram. Doordarshan Kendra Thiruvananthapuram is subsidiary of the DD India, which is the largest television network in the world. Doordarshan with over 35 Terrestrial Transmitters and 3 production centers serve Kerala, Lakshadweep and Mahi regions. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


Production and Broadcasting of TV Programmes at Doordarshan


DDK Trivandrum has the following main departments which manage the production, storage transmission and maintenance of the two DD National channels and the DD Malayalam channel.


1. Studio
2. Production Control Room (PCR)
3. Video Storage And Transmission Room(VTR)
4. Main Switching Room(MSR)
5. Digital Earth Link Station
6. Transmitter



A television creates a regular series of moving footage on the TV screen. A camera works exactly on the same principle applied the opposite manner. A picture is "drawn" on a television or computer display screen by sweeping an electrical signal horizontally across the display one line at a time. The amplitude of this signal versus time represents the instantaneous brightness at that physical point on the scene.


Recommended Project: Summer Training Report On All India Radio (AIR)


At the top of every line, there's a little of the wave shape (horizontal blanking interval) that tells the scanning circuit within the show to retrace to the left fringe of the show and so begin scanning subsequent line. beginning at the highest, all of the lines on the show square measure scanned during this manner. One complete set of lines makes an image. this can be referred to as a frame. Once the primary complete image is scanned, there's another portion of the wave shape (vertical blanking interval, not shown) that tells the scanning circuit to retrace to the highest of the show and begin scanning subsequent frame, or picture.


This sequence is perennial at a quick enough rate so the displayed pictures square measure seemed to have continuous motion. This can be an equivalent principle as that behind the "flip books" that you simply quickly flip through to envision a moving image or cartoons that square measure drawn and quickly displayed one picture at a time.


There are many different kinds of video signals, which can be divided into either television or computer types. The format of television signals varies from country to country.

This report includes detail discussion about each of the department of Doordarshan Kendra Thiruvananthapuram and other technical details to complete the project report. Use this report only for your reference and study work.

Author:- Abraham Renn S

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Feb 24, 2015

Microcontroller based Home Security System

Feb 24, 2015 - 4 Comments

This is the project report on Microcontroller based Home security system which is a good project to be done by the students. Engineering is not only a bookish knowledge but also it is a implementation of all we gain through books for inventing something new and making things more easy and useful through practical study. It is an art which can be gained with systematic study, observation and practice. This project is build using same technique. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such Projects and Seminar. The microcontroller based security system consists of transmitter, receiver, phase locked loop and processing section.


Microcontroller based Home Security System

This micro-controller based home security system protects your family and valuables by triggering an alarm when someone tried to break into your house and will immediately alert the police station.


Recommended Project: Project on Woman Security System


The transmitter section continuously transmits IR rays which are received by the receiver section. The received signal is further amplified and given to the PLL section, where its frequency is locked to the transmitted frequency.

When the IR signal is interrupted, the micro-controller starts working as per the programmed EPROM and control the siren, telephone and cassette player via the respective relays.


In the transmitter section, NE555(ICI) is wired as an actable multi-vibrator whose oscillating frequency is set by resistors R1 and R2, preset VR1 and capacitor C1, C3 bypasses the noise to ground, preventing any change in calculated pulse-width. The out put of ICI is fed to the base of the transistor t1, which drives an IR LED to transmit the modulated IR signal. R4 constrain the current going through the IR LED. Preset VR1 is used to vary the modulating frequency.

This report contains all the things to make your project like block diagram, circuit diagram, working, flow chart, component details etc. Use this for reference and help.

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Feb 21, 2015

Hand Operated Mixer Machine

Feb 21, 2015 - 0 Comments

This is a Mechanical project report on Hand operated mixer machine, which tells about its construction, working and other mixer machine which are widely used in industry and small task. In hand operated mixer machine, the mixing is done manually by placing the container holding material in hand and then doing forward and downward motion. This is only good for small task and laboratory works. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


Hand Operated Mixer Machine


A vortex mixer, or vortexer, may be a easy device used ordinarily in laboratories to combine little vials of liquid. It consists of an electrical motor with the drive shaft orientated vertically and connected to a cupped rubber piece mounted slightly off-centered. because the motor runs the rubber piece oscillates apace in a very circular motion. Once a tube or alternative acceptable instrumentation is ironed into the rubber cup (or touched to its edge) the motion is transmitted to the liquid within and a vortex is formed. Most vortex mixers have variable speed settings and may be set to run incessantly, or to run only downward pressure is applied to the rubber piece.

Recommended Project: Mechanical Project on Regenerative Shock Absorber

Vortex mixers square measure quite commonplace in natural science laboratories. In cell culture and biological science laboratories they'll be accustomed suspend cells. In an exceedingly organic chemistry or associate degreealytical laboratory they'll be accustomed combine the reagents of an assay or to combine an experimental sample and a thinner.


An alternative to the electrical vortex mixer is that the "finger vortex" technique during which a vortex is formed manually by placing a tube in a very forward and downward motion with one's finger or thumb. This usually takes longer and infrequently leads to inadequate suspension, though it should be appropriate in some cases once a vortex mixer is inaccessible or the forces concerned in vortexing would harm the sample, however this system isn't counseled once caustic substances square measure concerned. The technique is best suited to accelerate the mixture of solutions that don't need the K.E. input required to make suspensions.


A meat grinder or meat kitchen utensil may be a home appliance for fine chopping ('mincing') of, or mix of raw or roast meat, fish, vegetables or similar food. It replaces tools just like the refined knife, as an example, that has been accustomed turn out minced meat, filling etc. The producer puts the minced food into a funnel, that is placed on the highest of the grinder. From there the fabric goes on a horizontal screw conveyor. This screw conveyor, which will be power-driven by a hand wheel or an electrical motor, squashes and part mixes the food. At the top of the screw conveyor there's a knife put in directly before of the mounted hole plate. At this gap the minced meat comes out of the machine. The fineness of the meat depends on the dimensions of the holes of the plate.

Author:- Sandeep Thukral

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Feb 15, 2015

GAIC Algorithm for IRIS Comparison & Implementation with Matlab

Feb 15, 2015 - 0 Comments

This is a good project report on GAIC Algorithm for IRIS Comparison & Implementation with Matlab for computer science, Electronics Students and aims at providing an efficient solution module for iris scanning techniques employed in security systems. It provides a powerful algorithm for iris comparison technique and thereby giving a satisfactory detection technique. Use this paper report for your reference and study purpose only. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


GAIC Algorithm for IRIS Comparison and Implementation with Matlab


With a strong mathematical background and quantitative analysis, it provides a promising method “GAIC” algorithm, which would enable efficient security in the growing trends. The above said algorithm has been simulated and implemented for the verification in the platforms of MATLAB. Our algorithm proves more efficient over all the other algorithms available.

Recommended Project: Design of Multi Component Distillation Column by Approximate & Rigorous Method using MATLAB

For many organizations, implementing the proper biometric user identification technique will improve knowledge security. however presently, no automatic data processing system is impenetrable. the utilization of passwords, electronic signatures, encryption, and statistics will facilitate to create our computing surroundings safer, however they can't insure absolutely the integrity of the info or system. Any human, whether or not at work or reception, ought to emphasize interference. Implementing the utilization of knowledge security measures could facilitate within the war against hacking, however we have a tendency to should not forget the fundamentals of laptop security.


We have a tendency to should do the easy things that create it tougher for hackers to urge into our computers or systems. Hence, we will sure as shooting say that the biometric identification technology is that the most comprehensive technique within the field of statistics and our formula GAIC yields superb results once enforced in MATLAB.


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Feb 5, 2015

Ultra High Performance Concrete Girders

Feb 5, 2015 - 0 Comments

Ultra High Performance Concrete Girders is a good thesis project for Civil Engineering and Ultra High Performance Concrete (UHPC) is one of the newer and superior classes of concrete that can be used to develop improved bridges capable of meeting the present and future traffic, environmental, maintenance and economical requirements. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such Projects and Seminar.


Ultra High Performance Concrete Girders
Image Credit: fhwa.dot.gov


Developing on the superior material characteristics of UHPC, the research discussed here in studies the behavior of UHPC when used as a bridge girder material.


Four optimized girders are solid and studied for varied early age in addition as long run properties like early age shrinkage, transfer length, creep behavior and shrinkage beneath steam treatment. Information has been recorded through vibratory wire gages put in at strategic locations inside every beam before they're solid.


Recommended Project: Aggregate on Self Compacting Concrete of M70 Grade

Whereas the shrinkage and creep ascertained square measure terribly low that is characteristic of UHPC, varied alternative aspects like shrinkage being closely tied to formwork restraint and temperature and therefore the prestress transfer being obsessed with the beam pure mathematics and strand pattern are mentioned. From the results we will conclude that UHPC could be a promising bridge creating substance and with any analysis may be extensively used for developing bridges.

Author:- Sayed, Sameer Shafique
Source:-University of Maryland

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Feb 2, 2015

Generation of Electricity from Wind Power EEE Project

Feb 2, 2015 - 0 Comments

This is a good Electrical and Electronics project report on "generation of electricity from wind power or wind energy conversion system". Basic component of WECS are Aero turbine, Yaw control, Rotors, the windmill head, generator. The power in the wind can be computed by using the concepts of kinetics. This report contains all the construction detail, advantage, disadvantage etc. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


Generation of Electricity from Wind Power



Wind results from air in motion. Air in motion arises from a pressure gradient. Wind may be proadly classified as “planetary” & “local”. Planetary winds area unit caused by larger star heating of the earth`s surface close to the equator than close to the northern or southern poles. This cause heat tropical air to rise and flow through the higher atmosphere towards the poles & cold air from the poles to flow back to the equator nearer to earth’s surface. The direction of motion of planetary winds with regard to the planet is suffering from the rotation of the planet.


Recommended Project: Combined Darrieus-Savonius Wind Turbine

The warm air moving toward the poles within the higher atmosphere assumes AN easterly direction that leads to prevailing westerlies. The westerlies controls events between the three hundred & 600 latitudes. As a result of the earth`s axis is inclined to its sheet round the sun.


Aero Turbine:- Aero rotary engine converts energy in moving air to rotary energy normally, they needed pitch management & yow management for correct operation. A mechanical interface consisting of improve gear & an acceptable coupling transmits the rotary energy to AN electrical generator.

Yaw management:- For localities with the air current in one direction, the look of rotary engine may be greatly simplified. The rotor may be during a fastened orientation with the sweptback space perpendicular to the predominant wind direction.


The wind mill works on the principle of converting kinetic energy of the wind to mechanical energy. The kinetic energy of any particle is equal to one half its mass times the square of its velocity, or ½ mv2. Use this project for your reference and study work.

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