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Mar 1, 2015

Production & Broadcasting of TV Programmes at Doordarshan

Mar 1, 2015 - 0 Comments

This is project report on "production & broadcasting of TV programmes" which was carried out at the Doordarshan Kendra Thiruvananthapuram. Doordarshan Kendra Thiruvananthapuram is subsidiary of the DD India, which is the largest television network in the world. Doordarshan with over 35 Terrestrial Transmitters and 3 production centers serve Kerala, Lakshadweep and Mahi regions. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


Production and Broadcasting of TV Programmes at Doordarshan


DDK Trivandrum has the following main departments which manage the production, storage transmission and maintenance of the two DD National channels and the DD Malayalam channel.


1. Studio
2. Production Control Room (PCR)
3. Video Storage And Transmission Room(VTR)
4. Main Switching Room(MSR)
5. Digital Earth Link Station
6. Transmitter



A television creates a regular series of moving footage on the TV screen. A camera works exactly on the same principle applied the opposite manner. A picture is "drawn" on a television or computer display screen by sweeping an electrical signal horizontally across the display one line at a time. The amplitude of this signal versus time represents the instantaneous brightness at that physical point on the scene.


Recommended Project: Summer Training Report On All India Radio (AIR)


At the top of every line, there's a little of the wave shape (horizontal blanking interval) that tells the scanning circuit within the show to retrace to the left fringe of the show and so begin scanning subsequent line. beginning at the highest, all of the lines on the show square measure scanned during this manner. One complete set of lines makes an image. this can be referred to as a frame. Once the primary complete image is scanned, there's another portion of the wave shape (vertical blanking interval, not shown) that tells the scanning circuit to retrace to the highest of the show and begin scanning subsequent frame, or picture.


This sequence is perennial at a quick enough rate so the displayed pictures square measure seemed to have continuous motion. This can be an equivalent principle as that behind the "flip books" that you simply quickly flip through to envision a moving image or cartoons that square measure drawn and quickly displayed one picture at a time.


There are many different kinds of video signals, which can be divided into either television or computer types. The format of television signals varies from country to country.

This report includes detail discussion about each of the department of Doordarshan Kendra Thiruvananthapuram and other technical details to complete the project report. Use this report only for your reference and study work.

Author:- Abraham Renn S

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Feb 24, 2015

Microcontroller based Home Security System

Feb 24, 2015 - 4 Comments

This is the project report on Microcontroller based Home security system which is a good project to be done by the students. Engineering is not only a bookish knowledge but also it is a implementation of all we gain through books for inventing something new and making things more easy and useful through practical study. It is an art which can be gained with systematic study, observation and practice. This project is build using same technique. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such Projects and Seminar. The microcontroller based security system consists of transmitter, receiver, phase locked loop and processing section.


Microcontroller based Home Security System

This micro-controller based home security system protects your family and valuables by triggering an alarm when someone tried to break into your house and will immediately alert the police station.


Recommended Project: Project on Woman Security System


The transmitter section continuously transmits IR rays which are received by the receiver section. The received signal is further amplified and given to the PLL section, where its frequency is locked to the transmitted frequency.

When the IR signal is interrupted, the micro-controller starts working as per the programmed EPROM and control the siren, telephone and cassette player via the respective relays.


In the transmitter section, NE555(ICI) is wired as an actable multi-vibrator whose oscillating frequency is set by resistors R1 and R2, preset VR1 and capacitor C1, C3 bypasses the noise to ground, preventing any change in calculated pulse-width. The out put of ICI is fed to the base of the transistor t1, which drives an IR LED to transmit the modulated IR signal. R4 constrain the current going through the IR LED. Preset VR1 is used to vary the modulating frequency.

This report contains all the things to make your project like block diagram, circuit diagram, working, flow chart, component details etc. Use this for reference and help.

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Feb 21, 2015

Hand Operated Mixer Machine

Feb 21, 2015 - 0 Comments

This is a Mechanical project report on Hand operated mixer machine, which tells about its construction, working and other mixer machine which are widely used in industry and small task. In hand operated mixer machine, the mixing is done manually by placing the container holding material in hand and then doing forward and downward motion. This is only good for small task and laboratory works. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


Hand Operated Mixer Machine


A vortex mixer, or vortexer, may be a easy device used ordinarily in laboratories to combine little vials of liquid. It consists of an electrical motor with the drive shaft orientated vertically and connected to a cupped rubber piece mounted slightly off-centered. because the motor runs the rubber piece oscillates apace in a very circular motion. Once a tube or alternative acceptable instrumentation is ironed into the rubber cup (or touched to its edge) the motion is transmitted to the liquid within and a vortex is formed. Most vortex mixers have variable speed settings and may be set to run incessantly, or to run only downward pressure is applied to the rubber piece.

Recommended Project: Mechanical Project on Regenerative Shock Absorber

Vortex mixers square measure quite commonplace in natural science laboratories. In cell culture and biological science laboratories they'll be accustomed suspend cells. In an exceedingly organic chemistry or associate degreealytical laboratory they'll be accustomed combine the reagents of an assay or to combine an experimental sample and a thinner.


An alternative to the electrical vortex mixer is that the "finger vortex" technique during which a vortex is formed manually by placing a tube in a very forward and downward motion with one's finger or thumb. This usually takes longer and infrequently leads to inadequate suspension, though it should be appropriate in some cases once a vortex mixer is inaccessible or the forces concerned in vortexing would harm the sample, however this system isn't counseled once caustic substances square measure concerned. The technique is best suited to accelerate the mixture of solutions that don't need the K.E. input required to make suspensions.


A meat grinder or meat kitchen utensil may be a home appliance for fine chopping ('mincing') of, or mix of raw or roast meat, fish, vegetables or similar food. It replaces tools just like the refined knife, as an example, that has been accustomed turn out minced meat, filling etc. The producer puts the minced food into a funnel, that is placed on the highest of the grinder. From there the fabric goes on a horizontal screw conveyor. This screw conveyor, which will be power-driven by a hand wheel or an electrical motor, squashes and part mixes the food. At the top of the screw conveyor there's a knife put in directly before of the mounted hole plate. At this gap the minced meat comes out of the machine. The fineness of the meat depends on the dimensions of the holes of the plate.

Author:- Sandeep Thukral

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Feb 15, 2015

GAIC Algorithm for IRIS Comparison & Implementation with Matlab

Feb 15, 2015 - 0 Comments

This is a good project report on GAIC Algorithm for IRIS Comparison & Implementation with Matlab for computer science, Electronics Students and aims at providing an efficient solution module for iris scanning techniques employed in security systems. It provides a powerful algorithm for iris comparison technique and thereby giving a satisfactory detection technique. Use this paper report for your reference and study purpose only. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


GAIC Algorithm for IRIS Comparison and Implementation with Matlab


With a strong mathematical background and quantitative analysis, it provides a promising method “GAIC” algorithm, which would enable efficient security in the growing trends. The above said algorithm has been simulated and implemented for the verification in the platforms of MATLAB. Our algorithm proves more efficient over all the other algorithms available.

Recommended Project: Design of Multi Component Distillation Column by Approximate & Rigorous Method using MATLAB

For many organizations, implementing the proper biometric user identification technique will improve knowledge security. however presently, no automatic data processing system is impenetrable. the utilization of passwords, electronic signatures, encryption, and statistics will facilitate to create our computing surroundings safer, however they can't insure absolutely the integrity of the info or system. Any human, whether or not at work or reception, ought to emphasize interference. Implementing the utilization of knowledge security measures could facilitate within the war against hacking, however we have a tendency to should not forget the fundamentals of laptop security.


We have a tendency to should do the easy things that create it tougher for hackers to urge into our computers or systems. Hence, we will sure as shooting say that the biometric identification technology is that the most comprehensive technique within the field of statistics and our formula GAIC yields superb results once enforced in MATLAB.


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Feb 5, 2015

Ultra High Performance Concrete Girders

Feb 5, 2015 - 0 Comments

Ultra High Performance Concrete Girders is a good thesis project for Civil Engineering and Ultra High Performance Concrete (UHPC) is one of the newer and superior classes of concrete that can be used to develop improved bridges capable of meeting the present and future traffic, environmental, maintenance and economical requirements. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such Projects and Seminar.


Ultra High Performance Concrete Girders
Image Credit: fhwa.dot.gov


Developing on the superior material characteristics of UHPC, the research discussed here in studies the behavior of UHPC when used as a bridge girder material.


Four optimized girders are solid and studied for varied early age in addition as long run properties like early age shrinkage, transfer length, creep behavior and shrinkage beneath steam treatment. Information has been recorded through vibratory wire gages put in at strategic locations inside every beam before they're solid.


Recommended Project: Aggregate on Self Compacting Concrete of M70 Grade

Whereas the shrinkage and creep ascertained square measure terribly low that is characteristic of UHPC, varied alternative aspects like shrinkage being closely tied to formwork restraint and temperature and therefore the prestress transfer being obsessed with the beam pure mathematics and strand pattern are mentioned. From the results we will conclude that UHPC could be a promising bridge creating substance and with any analysis may be extensively used for developing bridges.

Author:- Sayed, Sameer Shafique
Source:-University of Maryland

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Feb 2, 2015

Generation of Electricity from Wind Power EEE Project

Feb 2, 2015 - 0 Comments

This is a good Electrical and Electronics project report on "generation of electricity from wind power or wind energy conversion system". Basic component of WECS are Aero turbine, Yaw control, Rotors, the windmill head, generator. The power in the wind can be computed by using the concepts of kinetics. This report contains all the construction detail, advantage, disadvantage etc. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


Generation of Electricity from Wind Power



Wind results from air in motion. Air in motion arises from a pressure gradient. Wind may be proadly classified as “planetary” & “local”. Planetary winds area unit caused by larger star heating of the earth`s surface close to the equator than close to the northern or southern poles. This cause heat tropical air to rise and flow through the higher atmosphere towards the poles & cold air from the poles to flow back to the equator nearer to earth’s surface. The direction of motion of planetary winds with regard to the planet is suffering from the rotation of the planet.


Recommended Project: Combined Darrieus-Savonius Wind Turbine

The warm air moving toward the poles within the higher atmosphere assumes AN easterly direction that leads to prevailing westerlies. The westerlies controls events between the three hundred & 600 latitudes. As a result of the earth`s axis is inclined to its sheet round the sun.


Aero Turbine:- Aero rotary engine converts energy in moving air to rotary energy normally, they needed pitch management & yow management for correct operation. A mechanical interface consisting of improve gear & an acceptable coupling transmits the rotary energy to AN electrical generator.

Yaw management:- For localities with the air current in one direction, the look of rotary engine may be greatly simplified. The rotor may be during a fastened orientation with the sweptback space perpendicular to the predominant wind direction.


The wind mill works on the principle of converting kinetic energy of the wind to mechanical energy. The kinetic energy of any particle is equal to one half its mass times the square of its velocity, or ½ mv2. Use this project for your reference and study work.

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Jan 29, 2015

Autonomous Metro Prototype ECE Project Report

Jan 29, 2015 - 0 Comments

This is a good Electronics project report on Autonomous Metro Prototype. It is a microcontroller based project which use 89s51. The project shows the design of a prototype of the small metro with auto show the station on the lcd display. This metro is run on the DC gear motor. With the help of this gear motor we slow down the speed of the vehicle to show all the function properly. It also tells the primary difference between a microprocessor and a micro controller. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such Projects and Seminar.


Project on Autonomous Metro Prototype


Recommended Project: Traffic Density Analyzer Cum Signaling For Metro Cities


The report contains the circuit diagram of metro rail prototype and complete microcontroller programming and LCD source code. Some of the feature of this metro rail prototype are auto stop the train on few station, sensor base stoppage, auto braking in the front and in the back movement also, LCD display to show the station, auto reverse automatically, once you press the start switch train complete one cycle & voice announcement. Use this report for your help and reference work only.

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Jan 27, 2015

Top 10 Civil Engineering Projects for Students

Jan 27, 2015 - 0 Comments

Civil engineering is one of the very old and important branch of engineering and help in building great architecture design and deal in mainly in construction, and maintenance of those. In India PWD department mainly consist of Civil engineers which do mainly construction work like roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings. In this post we have selected 10 Civil engineering project for students which are free to download. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


Top 10 civil engineering projects for free download


[Free Download] 10 Civil Engineering Projects for Students



1. Training Report on Residential Building Construction

2. Civil Project on Trickling Filter System

3. Civil Project on Soil Stabilization & Reinforcement

4. Execution Work in Post Tension Slabs

5. Design of Elevated Service Reservoir

6. Application of Robotics in Construction Industry

7. Design of Residential Building

8. Aggregate on Self Compacting Concrete of M70 Grade

9. Analysis & Execution of Road Construction Work on NH-5

10. Analysis & Design of Multi Storey Residential Building



More Civil Engineering Projects


There are many other Civil projects at our website which you can find in above link. You can also submit your own final year Civil project and seminar to us through email given in contact page or can also suggest Civil project by commenting below. If you want to discuss about any Civil project topic, you can discuss that on our FYP forum.

Jan 26, 2015

Systematic Risk and Fund Performance

Jan 26, 2015 - 0 Comments

Systematic Risk and Fund Performance is good topic for seminar for MBA students, use this only for reference. In this paper, we study systematic risk factors that influence returns in the Russian stock market and investigate how Swedish Russia and Eastern Europe funds have performed and managed their portfolio holdings in an emerging market environment. We find that the Russian stock markets exposure to systematic risk in other emerging markets is high and significant.



Systematic Risk and Fund Performance

Recommended MBA Project: Performance Evaluation of ICICI and SBI using Fundamental and Technical Analysis

Commodity risk and global currency risk are also important, although subjects to strong time variation, which persists cross sectors. Swedish Russia and Eastern Europe funds manage these risk factors by reducing their overall portfolio holdings exposure to the systematic market risk. This enables them to over perform the market index and generate positive excess returns, mainly through long-term strategic investment decisions.

Author: Kristian Elonen, Saara Hollmén

Source: Stockholm School of Economics

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Jan 19, 2015

ECE Project on Speed Checker for Highways

Jan 19, 2015 - 0 Comments

Now days, accident which occur due to over speeding has increase a lot and thus this Electronics project on speed checker for highways is a perfect solution to fine those drivers who drive beyond the speed limit. This report focus on developing a system to control and achieve accurate direction speed for different vehicles with a class of non-linear systems along with obstacles which are present by using wireless communication technique. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Speed Checker for Highways


In this project, PCB layout is designed without using a micro controller circuit which results in the state trajectory 'sliding' along path-varying slides on the surface. This idealized control law achieves perfect direction & speed however. The method is applied to the control of a two-link manipulator handling variable loads in a flexible manufacturing system environment. In our project we use LDR sensors to detect the presence of a vehicle.


Recommended Project: Automatic Railway Gate Control & Track Switching


This project contains 2 LDR sensors which are placed apart with a fixed known distance as shown in above image and whenever LDR rays are interrupted by incoming vehicle, the first sensor starts its timer. When the other LDR sensor senses the presence of vehicle, the count up timer is stopped. As the distance and time are received at LDR receiver, the LDR signals is noted and from that we need to calculate speed.


Prototype of Speed Checker for Highways

Here speed is calculated from the well known formula of speed which is distance/time. In this circuit we are using 7 SEGMENT display for indicating the speed. It is easy to setup and supports the required hardware. To design a vehicle that supports the newest technology available will be more expensive than boards that are already close to obsolete.

Recommended Project: Electronics Project on Energy Generation from Busy Road


This project has been designed assuming that the maximum permissible speed for highways is either 40 kmph or 60 kmph as per the traffic rule. The circuit is built around five NE555 timer IC's (IC1 through IC5), four CD4026 counter ICs (IC6 through IC9) and four 7-segment displays (DIS1 through DIS4). IC1 through IC3 function as monostables, with IC1 serving as count-start mono, IC2 as count-stop mono and IC3 as speed-limit detector mono, controlled by IC1 and IC2 outputs. Bistable set-reset IC4 is also controlled by the outputs of IC1 and IC2 and it (IC4), in turn, controls switching on/off of the 100Hz (period = 0.01 second) astable timer IC5.


This project is good if you have been asked to make project without micro-controllers and contains all the details like block diagram, circuit diagram, working etc. which is helpful in making project. Use this report for your reference and study work only.

Author:- Sumit Kumar, Naresh kumar meena, Vikrant negi

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Jan 11, 2015

Study on Physiochemical & Qualitative Traits on Rice Varieties (Oryza Sativa)

Jan 11, 2015 - 0 Comments

This is Biotechnology project report on study of Physiochemical and Qualitative traits on some Rice Varieties (Oryza Sativa). Rice is the world’s most important food crop and a major source of food for more than half the world’s population. Rice could be a staple food for simple fraction of the population within the world. Rice could be a wholesome nutritive cereal grain that possesses uncommon dietary necessities. Rice is one in all the foremost food product crops within the world. Though is principally consumed as a full kernel however it also can function the bottom material for a good style of applications, rice contains additional calories per half-cup portion of rice than rice (USA Rice Federation, 2004). You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


Study on Physiochemical and Qualitative Traits on Rice Varieties (Oryza Sativa)


Rice is freed from protein and sterol and contains traces of fat and Na contents. It contains advanced carbohydrates and it's simply predigested (American Rice INC, 2004). Rice is a starchy staple food, which provides a large portion of dietary energy. The cooking and eating properties of rice are basically determined by the properties of the starch. Therefore the starch properties are an important factor for the determination of rice grain quality.

Recommended Article: Ethyl Alcohol Production by Fermentation of Cane Sugar Molasses


The present study was carried out on the seven different rice varieties, collected from the different region of the Uttarakhand. The cooking, biochemical and molecular analysis was conducted on seven different rice varieties for different parameters to assess their quality characteristics. The data obtained for different parameters were subjected to statistical analyses and the results are interpreted and discussed in this project.


The present study was conducted on the physiochemical and qualitative traits of the different non basmati varieties of rice. The objective of present study was as follows:

1. To collection of the different rice varieties of Uttarakhand.
2. To estimate the physiochemical properties.
3. To analyze the qualitative characteristics.
4. To isolate and quantification of protein .
5. To isolate and quantification of DNA.

Author:- Pooja Rawat

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Jan 2, 2015

Design and Fabrication of Tri–Barrel Screw Type Hybrid Army Tank

Jan 2, 2015 - 0 Comments

Design and fabrication of Tri-Barrel Screw Type Hybrid Army Tank is based on the new replacement of ordinary army Tank. Normally a military Tank have only 1 barrel and strikes the opponent in just one direction, so as to beat the disadvantages in single barrel Tank, we have a tendency to use 3 barrels within the Tank which may target 3 at a time. One more advanced feature is screw sort wheel which will travel on cross-country i.e. which may travel on muddy space, snow etc. At constant time it’s Associate in Nursing amphibian thus it will travel on road and ocean. In one direction we will explode thrice at a time. This Tank will carry several of troopers and equipment’s at the event of war. we have a tendency to had simply created a miniature of the Tri-Barrel Screw sort Hybrid armoured combat vehicle. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


Tri Barrel Screw Type Hybrid Army Tank


Normal army tank contains only one barrel for firing and it has belt type wheels but this project have three barrels.
Two of which moves at 180 degree and one moves at 360 degree. It has screw type wheel that can travel on off-road i.e. which can travel on muddy area, snow etc. At the same time it’s an amphibian so it can travel on road and ocean. This Tank could avoid obstacles at any cost.

Recommended Project: Design and Fabrication of Solar Food Dryer

It can be turned easily those three barrels could be pointed out easily at any directions each can explode at any directions and in one direction we can explode thrice at a time. This Tank can carry many of soldiers and equipment’s at the event of war. Due to the screw type wheels could possibly destroy any obstacles.


This project on Tri Barrel Screw type Hybrid Army Tank works on the principle based on screw driven mechanism. There are two screw type wheels made to be assembled at the bottom of the tank for perpendicular and parallel direction of the tank.

The Cross belt and Open belt are used to make the screw type wheel to rotate in clockwise and anti-clockwise direction in order to move the Tank forward. If the direction of rotation is changed then the Tank moves backward. If both the wheel directions are same the Tank moves in parallel direction.

Worm Gear cutting on the screw type wheels make the tank to move perpendicular and parallel directions. The main source of power transfer for moving the tank is an Electric Motor. This electric motor works on an AC power source with 9500rpm, it controls the movement of our tank by transmitting the power through belts and pulleys. Use this project for your reference and study work. Download the project report to get complete reference of the project.

Author:- T.Naresh, M.Vinoth Kumar


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