Recent Articles

Apr 13, 2014

Project on CellPhone Detector

Apr 13, 2014 - 0 Comments

Cell phone detector or mobile sensor is a very helpful project in sensing presence of switch-on mobile within range of 1.5 meters. Its small size makes it handy and it easily occupy space in your pocket. The best use of this cellphone detector is in examination hall, meeting rooms etc. The circuit of the cell phone detector can easily know the signals of the incoming and outgoing calls, SMS and video transmission and detect them and alert the person through buzzer and work even if the mobile phone is kept in the silent mode. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Circuit diagram CellPhone Detector

We know that cell phones uses radio frequency with a wavelength of 30cm at 872 to 2170 MHz. That is the signal is high frequency with huge energy. When the cell phone is ON, it send the signal in the form of sine wave which passes through the space. The encoded audio/video signal contains electro-magnetic radiation which is picked up by the receiver in the base station. Mobile phone system is referred to as “Cellular Telephone system” because the coverage area is divided into “cells” each of which has a base station. The transmitter power of the modern 2G antenna in the base station is 20-100 watts.

Recommended Project: GSM based Device Controlling System

In this project ordinary LC circuits are used to sense low frequency radiation in the amplitude and frequency modulation bands. The tuned tank circuit having a coil and a variable capacitor receives the signal from the carrier wave. But such LC circuits cannot detect high frequency waves near the microwave region. Hence in the circuit, a capacitor is used to detect RF from mobile phone considering that, a capacitor can store energy even from an outside source and oscillate like LC circuit.

This is the mini project idea for electronics stream and hobbyist can also make this project. This report contains complete component list and their working, circuit diagram (as shown above), hardware implementation, future scope, advantages etc.

Author:- G. Manasa and B. Venugopal


Apr 6, 2014

Project on Automatic Railway Crossing System

Apr 6, 2014 - 0 Comments

Automatic railway crossing system is a need of time in railways as it ensures safety of lives and property. This system replaces the gates operated by the gatekeeper by an automatic railway gate at a Level crossing.Currently in India all the railway crossing gates are manually operated and yearly many people met accident due to this. Using this project, we can improve the rail road transportation facility and this technique has fast operation than oldest system and we can easily lower the accident rate. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Automatic Railway Crossing System

For sensing the vehicle on railway crossing system uses a motion sensor. And these motion sensors take a signal to microcontroller AT89S52. Since there is no vehicle or obstacle, signal is made GREEN for the train to pass through the gate. The same is applied for in the other direction and SG3 and SG4 are made GREEN and gates are closed. Due to some unavoidable circumstances, if there is a sudden breakdown of a vehicle between the gates, then the motion sensor sense the availability of vehicle on the crossing system.

Recommended Project: Automatic Railway Gate Control & Track Switching

This circuit has two stages i.e. IR transmitter and IR receiver. In IR transmitter, the transmitter unit consists of an infrared LED and its associated circuit. The IR LED emitting infrared light is put on in the transmitting unit. Infrared LED is driven through transistor.

Circuit diagram Automatic Railway Crossing System

In IR receiver, the receiver unit consists of a sensor and its associated circuitry. In receiver section, the first part is a sensor, which detects IR pulses transmitted by IR-LED.

Whenever a train crosses the sensor, the output of IR sensor momentarily transits through a low state. As a result the monostable is triggered , a short pulse is applied to the port pin of the microcontroller. On receiving a pulse from the sensor circuit, the controller activates the circuitry required for closing and opening of the gates and for track switching.

This project contains all the circuit diagram, block diagram, complete working of the project and microcontroller programming, so use this project as your reference.

Author:- Jayswal Nitishkumar Maheshkumar


Mar 30, 2014

Generation of Electricity through Piezoelectric Crystal

Mar 30, 2014 - 0 Comments

This paper on "generation of electricity through piezoelectric crystal" is to describe a new, efficient design of a wearable energy supplier. In this report foot fall or heel strike methods are discussed to generate electricity. Foot fall or heel strike is one of the significant methods of harvesting energy and the project aims at developing a shoe embedded with piezoelectric material (PVDF) into a noble wearable energy supplier. The goal of a power harvesting device is to capture the normally lost energy surrounding a system and convert it into usable energy for the electrical device to consume. By utilizing these untapped energy sources electronics that do not depend on finite power supplies, such as the battery, can be developed. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Generation of Electricity through Piezoelectric Crystal

Piezoelectric generators work on the principle of piezoelectric effect. There are some material which has ability to create electrical potential when responding to mechanical changes. When these materials are compressed or expanded or otherwise changing shape a piezoelectric material will output some voltage. This effect is also possible in reverse in the sense that putting a charge through the material will produce in it changing shape or undergoing some mechanical stress. These materials are useful in a variety of ways.

Recommended Project: Ultrasonic Proximity Detector

The sole of your shoe could be constructed of piezoelectric materials and every step you took would begin to generate electricity. In this project, piezoelectric crystal was connected in series through wires. After then the generated voltage is stored in the battery. The generated voltage which is generated by piezoelectric crystal is D.C. which is change into A.C by inverter. The load is connected to the inverter, which is glow when A.C is given by the inverter.

This project is an excellent alternative to reach the increasing demands for electricity. We conclude that it should be implemented in India also to accelerate the development and provide electricity at every corner of the country. Use this report for your reference and study work only.


Mar 24, 2014

Training Need Identification in Escorts Ltd.

Mar 24, 2014 - 0 Comments

Training need identification is a type of tool which can be used to identify what educational courses or activities should be provided to employees to improve their work productivity. In many companies external training is provided to employee free of cost to improve their skills. The focus for providing such training should be placed on needs as opposed to desires of the employees for a constructive outcome. This MBA dissertation project is done in Escorts limited You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Training Need Identification in Escorts Ltd.

Identification of training needs (ITN), if done properly, provides the idea on which all different coaching activities is thought-about. Additionally requiring careful thought and analysis, it's a method that has to be meted out with sensitivity as people's learning is vital to them, and therefore the name of the organization is additionally at stake. Identification of need wants is vital from each the structure purpose of deem well as from a person's purpose of read.

Recommended Project: MBA Industrial Training at Cham Synthropes Industries Pvt. Ltd

Organization’s objectives is achieved solely through harnessing the talents of its individuals, emotional potential and maximising opportunities for development, so individuals should recognize what they have to be told so as to realize structure goals. From a person's purpose of read, individuals have aspirations, they need to develop and so as to be told and use new skills, and folks would like acceptable opportunities, resources, and conditions. Therefore, to satisfy people's aspirations, the organization should give effective and enticing learning resources and conditions.

Objective of this report

1. To identify Training Needs in the organization.
2. To understand various Training Programs being conducted in Escorts.
3. To give suggestions on how to improve the Effectiveness of Training.

Training Need Identification & Analysis is the integral part of the company Human resource development (HRD) policy. You must have heard or seen some company policy pages where training waiver is written and how much claim can be taken from company by employee. HRD process with starts with TNA which assess an Organization‘s training needs.

Our TNA program is aligned with corporate goals. A training need exists when there is a gap between what is required of an employee to perform their work competently and what they actually know. Training is very important part of employee and as well as for company for better productivity and growth.

Author:-Gautam Singh Gusain


Mar 13, 2014

Petroleum Exploration & Its Instrumentation

Mar 13, 2014 - 0 Comments

Petroleum exploration is the process of exploring for oil and gas resources in the earth’s sedimentary basins. The process relies on the methodical application of technology by creative geo scientists that leads to viable prospects to drill and the actual drilling of these prospects with exploratory and appraisal wells. It is the commitment of large amounts of risk capital to explore prospects that have an uncertain outcome. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

ONGC has institutionalized R&D in the oil and gas and related sectors and established separate institutions to undertake specific activities in key areas of exploration, drilling, reservoir management, production technology, ocean engineering, safety and environment protection in the form of 12 independently managed R&D centres.

Exploration depends on highly sophisticated technology to detect and determine the extent of these deposits using exploration geophysics. Areas thought to contain hydrocarbons are initially subjected to a gravity survey, magnetic survey, passive seismic or regional seismic reflection surveys to detect large-scale features of the sub-surface geology.

Recommended Project: Production of Biodiesel from Sewage Sludge

Features of interest area unit subjected to additional careful unstable surveys that work on the principle of the time it takes for mirrored sound waves to commute through matter (rock) of varied densities and exploitation the method of depth conversion to make a profile of the substructure. Finally, once a possibility has been known and evaluated and passes the oil company’s choice criteria, a search well is trained in a trial to once and for all confirm the presence or absence of oil or gas.

Recommended Project: Design of Elevated Service Reservoir

The best way to learn about subsurface geology and the potential for natural gas deposits to exist in a told area is to drill an exploratory well. This consists of digging into the Earth's crust to allow geologists to study the material of the underground rock layers in detail.

This project work on "petroleum exploration & its instrumentation" was done as a part of summer training project at ONGC and is bonafide work of the author for Applied Electronics and Instrumentation. This report contain detail study about petroleum exploration, location of oil fields, elements of a petroleum prospect, different types of traps like structural traps & stratigraphic traps, extraction, drilling, production etc.

Author:- Shubham Agarwal


Mar 7, 2014

Report on Advertisement Posting Website

Mar 7, 2014 - 0 Comments

You must have seen advertisement posting website like OLX, Quikr etc. and thought what are their purpose and how they are making money. Today we are sharing you "advertisement posting website" project report which works similarly like above ad posting website and can be a good final year project for you. The main aim of the project “Advertisement Posting Website” is to supply live advertisements with the users chosen pictures and content. Users are allowed to offer their company info and their websites links which will increase their website traffic and thus will give more sales. The main theme is to supply promotional material in sort of text, images, story, animations, banners and for everyone from children's to big company’s. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Advertisement Posting Website

The process of constructing the advertisement is small as this project will give all the required template to end user for creating advertisement based on the Media sorts (News Paper, Radio, Television, Banners etc). This project deals with the multi level ad generating and content linking of the precise company’s and their overall product demonstration. during this project we tend to square measure reaching to offer the administration capability’s like net observance that helps the web site management to regulate the amount of house want for the every users for the aim of story animations and distributed advertisements generation.

Recommended project: PHP Project on Video Streaming

The process of animations may be through with the assistance of flash, ad rotators, content linker component. These animated files may be hold on as a model within the user net house. All the story content is organized within the temporary buffer space and that they square measure transferred to the user login.

Recommended Project: Project on Classifieds website

This project is constructed using ASP at front end and SQL at backend. For this project we have used IIS web server and windows operating system. This project report on advertisement posting website contain full project detail, entity relationship diagram, system flow chart, data flow diagram etc.


Mar 1, 2014

Java Project on Virtual Classroom

Mar 1, 2014 - 0 Comments

The Virtual Classroom is a very good initiative project which includes collection of teaching tool to help the students to learn in an interactive manner and understand better. It aims to complement the efforts of teachers to integrate technology into their classrooms and link the students to the Internet in educationally productive ways and provide them a stimulating, positive and enjoyable environment to study. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Virtual Classroom project

This Java project on virtual classroom has three main elements which are Administrator login, students login module and faculty login module. In student login module, student can login or sign up if he/she has not registered for the classroom. Once they are logged in they can ask questions, study material & see video lectures, can modify there profile etc.

Recommended Project: Placement Management System

In Faculty login module, person login as teacher and can post answer to students doubt, allows the faculty members to post & remove study material & video lessons, they can also edit there profile. In administration module, admin has full control and can edit anything within application. He/she can easily see student and faculty list, video and study material uploaded and stats, can see list of questions asked by students and answered by teachers.

Recommended Project: Java Project on Exam Suit

Provision for addition and deletion of student /faculty is there in the system. It is possible to view information of other student/faculty after successfully logging in. The entire project runs on windows environments. The system can be used to increase student faculty interaction and also increase their involvement with the college.

This project report contains complete source code, ER diagram and table structure. Use it for your study and reference work. If you face issue on downloading the project let us know.


Feb 22, 2014

Mechanical Project on Vertical Axis Wind Turbine

Feb 22, 2014 - 0 Comments

Crises for energy is increasing day by day and we are forced to use renewable source of energy for our daily use. Renewable energy is generally electricity supplied from sources, such as wind power, solar power, geothermal energy, hydro power and various forms of biomass. The popularity of renewable energy has experienced a significant upsurge in recent times due to the exhaustion of conventional power generation methods and increasing realization of its adverse effects on the environment. Wind energy has been harnessed for centuries but it has only emerged as a major part of our energy solution quite recently and this report focus on utilizing wind energy by using vertical axis wind turbine. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Vertical Axis Wind Turbine

A wind turbine is a device that converts kinetic energy from the wind into mechanical energy. If the mechanical energy is used to produce electricity, the device may be called a wind generator or wind charger. The mechanical energy is used to drive machinery, grinding grain, pumping water etc.

Recommended Project: Hybrid Compressed Air Energy Storage (HCAES) Systems Renewable Energy

The device is called a windmill or wind pump. Developed for over a millennium, today's wind turbines are manufactured in a range of vertical and horizontal axis types. The smallest turbines are used for applications such as battery charging or auxiliary power on sailing boats; while large grid-connected arrays of turbines are becoming an increasingly large source of commercial electric power.

Wind power technology is the various infrastructure and process that promote the harnessing of wind generation for mechanical power and electricity. This basically entails the wind and characteristics related to its strength and direction, as well as the functioning of both internal and external components of a wind turbine with respect to wind behavior.

comparison between VAWT & HAWT Turbine

Vertical-axis wind turbines (or VAWTs) have the main rotor shaft arranged vertically. Key advantages of this arrangement are that the turbine does not need to be pointed into the wind to be effective. This is an advantage on sites where the wind direction is highly variable, for example when integrated into buildings.

There are also few subtypes of VAWT viz. Darrieus wind turbine, Savonius wind turbine, Giromill. Since VAWTs are easy to maintain, and can be installed near ground level, they are preferred over HAWTs when it comes to home use. This way, private home owners wouldn’t have to spend a lot of resources to get the wind turbine to work if compared with installing a HAWT.

Author:- Indramani singh vishal


Feb 7, 2014

Project on RFID Voting System

Feb 7, 2014 - 0 Comments

Radio-frequency identification or RFID has found its use in almost all technology development and is one of the favorite category for making final year project. The main aim of the project, RFID Voting System is to provide more security in authentication of a candidate contesting in elections by providing a unique identity to every user using the RFID technology provided if we maintain the fingerprints of all the voters in a database. Each and every user uses his RFID for casting his vote in the procedure of electing his choice of candidate from the list of candidates contesting in the elections. This is purely to eradicate rigging which will be helpful to elect the genuine candidates on the basis of number of votes polled to them. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

RFID Voting System block diagram

This project includes Low Frequency RFID Reader and transmitter working at 434 MHz frequency to fetch the information from the user to process it through microcontroller. Then microcontroller takes the decision whether to cast the vote of a particular user or not. The RFID tag is used to authenticate the voter for voting in the election. The voter can vote only once after that the tag will be disabled for further voting in the same election. It is a much secured way of voting in democratic countries like India.

Recommended Project: Radio Frequency Identification use in Secure Digital Lock

Working of this project can be divided into 3 parts, viz. transmitter module (Voter Identity card), receiver module & controller and balloting unit and each of the part is well explained in this project report. Some of the application of this project includes Legislative Assembly Elections, Student union Elections, Labor union Elections in factories etc. This report includes block diagram of RFID voting system, full working, circuit diagram, source code etc. Use it for your reference and study work.

Author:- Neeraj



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