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Jul 28, 2014

Mechanical Project on Solar Air Cooling

Jul 28, 2014 - 0 Comments

This is very innovative Mechanical project on Solar air cooling. Solar air conditioning has great potential. Sunlight is most plentiful in the summer when cooling loads are highest. The new solar air-conditioning system takes a much different approach. It is a thermally driven system that differs from earlier thermal systems in that it is designed to work with low-temperature solar collectors and includes low-cost energy storage.


Energy is stored in the form of a concentrated salt solution that can be used to provide dehumidification. A cooler with a special heat exchanger design combines the dehumidification from the desiccant with cooling from evaporation of water to provide air conditioning. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Solar Air Cooling

The overall objective of the project is to demonstrate a thermally driven solar air conditioner that has the potential of being economically viable compared to conventional electrically driven systems. The immediate objectives were to obtain component test data and modeling results that can be used to support the overall objective.

Recommended Project: Intelligent Solar Tracking System

Above figure shows a schematic diagram of a proposed thermal driven solar air conditioner that addresses the problems of the earlier systems. The basic idea is to use a desiccant liquid (preferably calcium chloride, CaCl2) for cooling and dehumidifying. The cooler uses the calcium chloride to dehumidify the air. Water is evapouratively cooled with exhaust air. Approximate air dry-bulb/wet-bulb temperatures in degrees F are included in the figure for illustration purposes. This schematic shows the configuration of cooler evaluated in this project; other configurations are possible and are discussed in the copy of the patent in the appendix.

Recommended Project: Air-Conditioning System Design

The operation of cooler requires further explanation. The driving force behind this cooler is a temperature difference between a water surface and a desiccant surface in contact with an air stream. The temperature of a water surface is close to the wet-bulb temperature of the air, while the temperature of a desiccant surface corresponds to a higher temperature. For a concentrated solution of calcium chloride, the temperature difference between the wet-bulb and the desiccant equilibrium temperature is approximately 15 to 20 °F. The cooler provides a way of using a relatively weak desiccant to efficiently provide cooling.

Author:-Maneesh Bhardwaj

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Jul 22, 2014

Fabrication of Active Air Suspension System

Jul 22, 2014 - 0 Comments

Fabrication of an Active Air Suspension System is a final year Mechanical project. Air ride suspension carries the load on each axle with a pressurized air bag just as a high pressure balloon. This system provides the smoothest and most shock free ride of any of the known vehicle suspension system. An air suspension includes a multiple air spring assemblies that each includes a piston airbag and a primary airbag mounted over the piston airbag. The primary and piston airbags each have a variable volume that is controlled independently of the other for active suspension control. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


Active Air Suspension System

The active air suspension system is an air-controlled, micro-processor controlled suspension system. The system replaces the conventional coil spring suspension and provides automatic front and rear load levelling. The four air springs, made of rubber and plastic, support the vehicle load at the front and rear wheels. This technology allows car producers to achieve a greater degree of ride quality and car handling by keeping the tires perpendicular to the road in corners, allowing better traction and control. An on-board computer detects body movement from sensors throughout the vehicle and, using data calculated by opportune control techniques, controls the action of the active and semi-active suspensions.

Recommended Project: Virtual Reality Modeling of a Car Suspension

Active air suspension system consists of an air tank, 4-way air valve assembly (pressure solenoids), air compressors, the necessary pressure sensors, all wiring and air fittings, and an in-car electronic control module. In order to understand the working of active air suspension system, we need to understand functions of each component. The report contains full explanation of active air suspension and its construction. Use it for your reference and study work.

Author:- Kuldeep Dobhal, Anukriti Goel, Anurag Joshi, Digvijay Singh Bisht


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Jul 14, 2014

Human Detecting Robot using RF Communication

Jul 14, 2014 - 0 Comments

This project is very useful and presents a human being detecting robot using RF communication with wireless real time image transmission and it is designed and implemented with Atmel 89C51 MCU in embedded system domain. The robot is moved in particular direction using switches and the images are captured and images are watched on the laptop. Aims at making the robot to move in any direction, connected at the receiver side, specified by the user at the transmitter side using RF technology. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


The project uses the RF technology, wireless camera and Embedded Systems to design this application. The main aim of the project is to design a system that continuously checks for the data received from the transmitter section and also monitor video captured by the and transmit the same to remotely placed or a Personal computer.

Recommended Project: Obstacle Avoiding Robot using Micro-controller

Signal received by the RF receiver shown above will be processed by microcontroller and send it to motor drive ckt IC. whenever we give command signal from system, RF receiver circuit received the RF signal then moving robot drive by motor ckt, perform some operation like forward, back, stop, left and right. The result showed in this project after experiment shows that higher efficiency is indeed achieved using the embedded system. The proposed method is verified to be highly beneficial for the security purpose and industrial purpose.


The future aspect of our project we can use flying object and work on image processing technique. This report includes circuit diagram, block diagram of RF transmitter and receiver, microcontroller programming and full working of the project. Use this for your reference and study work only.


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Jul 6, 2014

Pick & Place Electrical Controlled Mechanical Arm

Jul 6, 2014 - 0 Comments

Robotic manipulator or a mechanical arm is a widely used robot in industry which is an open or closed kinematic chain of rigid links interconnected by movable joints. In some configurations, links can be considered to correspond to human anatomy as waist, upper arm and forearm with joint at shoulder and elbow. In this project pick and place mechanical arm is designed for loading and packing. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.



Above shown is block diagram of interfacing of mechanical arm. All the various problems and obstructions for the loading process has been deeply analyzed and been taken into consideration while designing the pick and place mechanical arm. The pick and place mechanical arm is a human controlled based system that detects the object, picks that object from source location and places at desired location. For detection of object, human detect presence of object and move machine accordingly.

Recommended Project: Pneumatic Robotic Arm

Industrial mechanical arm are found in a variety of locations including the automobile and manufacturing industries. Mechanical arm cut and shape fabricated parts, assemble machinery and inspect manufactured parts. Mechanical Arm is of different types depending upon their applications. Industrial Mechanical arm, Mobile Mechanical arm, Agriculture Mechanical arm, Telemechanical arm and Service Mechanical arm are some of the type.

A mechanical arm vehicle is an automatic machine that is capable of locomotion. Mobile mechanical arm have the capability to move around in their environment and are not fixed to one physical location. By contrast, industrial mechanical arm are usually more-or-less stationary, consisting of a jointed arm (multi-linked manipulator) and gripper assembly (or end effector), attached to a fixed surface.

Author:- Harpreet Singh, Kamlesh Nayal, Upkar Singh, Gurpreet Singh


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Jul 2, 2014

Implementing Cascade Integer Comb filter for Software Defined Radio Applications

Jul 2, 2014 - 0 Comments

This is a Electronics engineering project for final year students on "Implementing Cascade Integer Comb (CIC) filter for software defined radio applications". Software defined radio (SDR) is a radio in which the properties of carrier frequency, signal bandwidth, modulation, and several other characteristics are defined by software. Cascaded Integrator comb (CIC) decimation filter is useful to reduce the data sampling rate such high bandwidth applications. In this project a full-fledged digital down conversion system will be developed in VHDL for FPGA based software defined radio applications. The CIC based architecture will be implemented in VHDL and will be tested on Xilinx FPGAs. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Implementing Cascade Integer Comb filter for Software Defined Radio Applications

The CIC filter can implement an interpolation or decimation filter (see above fig.) that uses only delay and add operations and thus is well-suited for FPGA and ASIC implementation. Furthermore, the same basic filter structure can be used to handle variable sample rate conversion.


The major blocks in design would include digital I and Q carrier generators, digital mixers, decimating/interpolating CIC filters and clock distribution circuits. The blocks such as, adder, multipliers, registers and clock & control circuitry will be used in implementing these blocks.

Recommended Project: RISC Processor using the Verilog Hardware Description Language (VHDL)

In this paper, OUI is used which is SOPC builder provides to design the hardware of CIC decimation filter component. We design the software driver files for the hardware of CIC component, generate a component and establish an SOPC system in SOPC Builder. Finally, the designed system is downloaded to the device and verified in FPGA.

Author:- Ripudaman Singh Rathore and Rajat Arora

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Jun 24, 2014

Natural Frequency, Mode Shape & Model Analysis in FEM

Jun 24, 2014 - 0 Comments

The idea behind the finite element method (FEM), or finite element analysis (FEA), is based on building of a complicated object with simple blocks, or, dividing a complicated object into small and manageable pieces. Application of this simple idea can be found everywhere in everyday life, as well as in engineering. This is a good Mechanical seminar on analysis of natural frequency, mode shape and model using FEM. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.



Natural frequency is the frequency at which a system naturally vibrates once it has been set into motion. In alternative words, natural frequency is the number of times a system will oscillate (move back and forth) between its original position and its displaced position, if there is no outside interference.

Recommended Project: Curves and their Applications to Factoring Polynomials

Resonance is the buildup of large vibration amplitude that occurs when a structure or an object is excited at its natural frequency. Resonance can be either desirable or undesirable. Acoustic resonance, a desirable resonance, occurs in many different musical instruments.

FEM model for a gear tooth

Various experiment and analysis are carried out in this report and this report is divided into many chapters. Above image shows FEM model for a gear tooth.


Why Finite Element Method?



1. Design analysis: hand calculations, experiments, and computer simulations.
2. FEM/FEA is the most widely applied computer simulation method in engineering.
3. Closely integrated with CAD/CAM applications.

Below are some of the applications of FEM in engineering:

Mechanical/Aerospace/Civil/Automobile Engineering, Structure analysis (static/dynamic, linear/nonlinear), Thermal/fluid flows, Electromagnetics, Geo-mechanics, Biomechanics etc.

Author:-Deepak Bailwal


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Jun 16, 2014

Training Report on Residential Building Construction

Jun 16, 2014 - 0 Comments

This is the training report on Residential Building Construction which is taken at “Shree India Real Land Developers Pvt Ltd. and a multistory residential building is studied in this project. This report include project findings, types of buildings, types of material used in construction, function of different material, equipments, machines used, different terms used in construction etc. This project is a multi-storey residential building. This building is constructing for middle class people. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Project on Residential Building Construction


There are various types of building and they are classified on the basis of character of occupancy and type of use as given below:

1. Residential Building
2. Educational Building
3. Institutional Building
4. Industrial Building

RESIDENTIAL BUILDING:

In such building sleeping accommodation is provided. IT includes the living room, bed room, kitchen, hall, toilet and bath room. It may be a single storey building or apartments.

Recommended Project: Civil Project on Design of R.C.C. Over Head Tank

EDUCATIONAL BUILDING:

These includes any building using for school, college, assembly for instruction, education or recreation.

INSTITUTIONAL BUILDING:

These building are used for different purposes , such as medical or other treatment or care of a person suffering from a physical or mental illness etc. These building includes hospital, sanitoria, jail etc.

INDUSTRIAL BUILDING:

These are buildings in which products or material s of all kind of properties are fabricated, assembled, processed. For example refineries, gas plant, mills etc.

There are various chapter in this report and in chapter 9 municipal water distribution system is evaluated. This topic has two primary objectives: The first is to understand the evaluation of an installed municipal water supply delivery system by identifying all the physical components of any specific water distribution system. The same basic concepts and principles apply to small community water systems and large city water systems.

Author:- Mahesh Choudhary


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Jun 3, 2014

Mechanical Project on Internal Gear Pumps

Jun 3, 2014 - 0 Comments

Internal gear pumps are widely used and versatile. While they are often used on thin liquids such as solvents and fuel oil, they excel at efficiently pumping thick liquids such as asphalt, chocolate, and adhesives. The useful viscosity range of an internal gear pump is from 1cPs to over 1,000,000cP. In this project, a bipolar stepper motor is used, which is used widely in all kinds of floppy drives and CD drives. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


Internal Gear Pumps

The internal gear pump is non-pulsing, self-priming, and may dry for brief periods. They are conjointly bi-rotational, that means that identical pump will be used to load and unload vessels. As a result of internal gear pumps have solely 2 moving components, they're reliable, easy to work, and straightforward to take care of.


The bipolar stepper motor uses two coils, which have two terminals each. There are three parameters of the stepper motor that can be controlled: direction, speed and number of rotations.


Recommended Projects: Automobile Based Mechanical Projects

To change the direction of the motor, you have to change the sequence of pulses applied to its coils. The pulse sequence for clock-wise and anticlockwise rotation is shown in the table on the next page for better understanding. In the table, ‘0’ and ‘1’ indicate low logic, and high logic, respectively.

Working of Internal Gear Pump

1. Liquid enters the suction port between the rotor (large exterior gear) and layabout (small interior gear) teeth. The arrows indicate the direction of the pump and liquid.
2. Liquid travels through the pump between the teeth of the "gear-within-a-gear" principle. The crescent form divides the liquid and acts as a seal between the suction and discharge ports.
3. The pump head is currently nearly flooded, simply before forcing the liquid out of the discharge port. Inter-meshing gears of the layabout and rotor type latched pockets for the liquid that assures volume management.
4. Rotor and layabout teeth mesh fully to create a seal equal from the discharge and suction ports. This seal forces the liquid out of the discharge port.

Application of internal gear pump are:

• All varieties of fuel oil and lube oil
• Resins and Polymers
Alcohols and solvents
• Asphalt, Bitumen, and Tar
• Polyurethane foam (Isocyanate and polyol)
• Food products such as corn syrup, chocolate, and peanut butter
• Paint, inks, and pigments
• Soaps and surfactants
• Glycol

This report contains full description so component, working, circuit diagram, block diagram, assembly language programming etc. to complete the project. Use this report for your reference and study work only.

Author:-Kripal Singh Chauhan, Nitin Rautela, Mustakeem Ali, Ramashankar, Rohit Saini

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May 26, 2014

Solubility & Dissolution Enhancement of Antidiabetic Drug using Surftab System

May 26, 2014 - 0 Comments

This is Master of Pharmacy project on "solubility and dissolution enhancement of anti-diabetic drug using a noval surftab system" and describes an approach to enhance the Solubility of gliclazide by using solid dispersions (SDs) in polyethylene glycol 4000 (PEG 4000). Solid dispersions were made by a solvent-melting approach and Solubility determinations were performed in triplicate according to the method of Higuchi and Connors. The solubility of gliclazide is 0.86 mg/ml in water but after the addition of different concentration of PEG 4000, the increased solubility of gliclazide was observed. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Solubility & Dissolution Enhancement of Antidiabetic Drug using Surftab System


Gliclazide is a 2nd generation hypoglycaemic sulfonylurea that is useful in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. It shows low aqueous solubility and dissolution rate and often shows low and irregular bio-availability after oral administration.

Recommended Pharmacy Project: Simultaneous Estimation of Amlodipine Besylate & Olmesartan Medoximil

The solubility of gliclazide is 0.86 mg/ml in water but after the summation of different concentration of PEG 4000, the increased solubility of gliclazide was seen. Further it was noticed that the solubility was increased by tablet formulation from solid dispersion. The main conclusion of this article is that the solubility of gliclazide can be enhanced in Solid Dispersion with PEG 4000.


The solubilization effect of PEG 4000, reduction of particle aggregation of the drug, absence of crystallinity, increased wettability and dispersibility, and alteration of surface properties of the drug particles may be responsible for the enhanced solubility of gliclazide from its Solid Dispersion.

Recommended Project: Development & Validation of Reverse Phase HPLC Method

Gliclazide is an oral antihyperglycemic agent used for the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). It relates to the sulfonylurea class of insulin secretagogues, which act by stimulating β cells of the pancreas to release insulin. Sulfonylureas increase both basal insulin secretion and meal-stimulated insulin release. Medications in this class differ in their dose, rate of absorption, duration of action, route of elimination and binding site on their target pancreatic β cell receptor.

Author:- Pankaj Kumar

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May 19, 2014

Project on Solar Pond & its Fabrication

May 19, 2014 - 0 Comments

The project title "Study of Solar Pond & Fabrication of Solar Pond Model" is a Mechanical project and focus on harnessing solar energy and then saving it for future use. A solar pond can be defined as a tank of water that collects and stores solar energy. Solar energy will warm a body of water as it is exposed to the Sun and than this heat energy of water is trapped to store it. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.

Salt gradient Solar Pond


We all know that the sun is the largest source of renewable energy and this energy is available in large quantity at all parts of the earth. An this this fact make it one of the best alternatives to the non-renewable sources of energy.


A solar pond is a body of water that collects and stores thermal energy. A solar pond can be used for various applications such as process heating desalination, refrigeration, drying, and solar power generation.


Most of the solar thermal energy systems nowadays manufacture heat through raising the temperature of water within the collector by solar irradiation associated pumping it then to an external storage tank.

Recommended Project: Project on Motorized Screw Jack

A solar pond combines these two functions which makes the solar pond a cheap and simple system to produce and to store heat.

Applications of Solar Pond are below

:

1. Salt production (for enhanced evaporation or purification of salt, that is production of ‘vacuum quality’ salt)
2. Aquaculture, using saline or fresh water (to grow, for example, fish or brine shrimp)
3. Dairy industry (for example, to preheat feed water to boilers)
4. Fruit and vegetable canning industry
5. Fruit and vegetable drying (for example, vine fruit drying)
6. Grain industry (for grain drying)
7. Water supply (for desalination)


There are two varieties of solar ponds to be mentioned, convecting and non-convecting solar ponds. The non-convecting solar ponds are named like this because of their non-convecting zone (NCZ) which is formed between the upper convective zone (UCZ) and the heat storage zone (HSZ).

Recommended Project: Mechanical Project on Hydraulic Brakes

Both varieties of solar ponds inhibit heat transfer by convection and evaporation from the system to the environment to limit heat losses. In most cases, this can be allotted by covering the surface of the heat storing part or by encapsulating the heat storing element how it is implemented in shallow solar ponds.

Author:- Anoop Kumar, Pramod Kumar Verma, Santosh Kumar, Sumit Sharma

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May 11, 2014

Study of Financial Performance: A Comparative Analysis of SBI & ICICI Bank

May 11, 2014 - 0 Comments

This study focus on to measure, evaluate and compare the financial performance of SBI and ICICI Bank which one related to the public sector and private sector respectively. The project is based on secondary information that has been acquired from annual reports of the respective banks, magazines, journals, documents and other published information. This study covers the period of 5 years i.e. from year 2007-08 to year 2011-12 and is very useful for reference of management project. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


Study of Financial Performance: A Comparative Analysis of SBI & ICICI Bank


Objective of the Study

1. To study the financial performance of SBI and ICICI Bank.
2. To compare the financial performance of SBI and ICICI Bank.

Recommended Project: Study of Financial Performance of IOCL Mathura

Ratio Analysis was applied to investigate and compare the trends in banking business and monetary performance. Mean and Compound rate of growth (CGR) have conjointly been deployed to investigate the trends in banking business profitableness.


Financial analysis is especially done to check the expansion, profitableness and monetary soundness of the several banks by designation the data contained within the monetary statements. monetary analysis is finished to spot the monetary strengths and weaknesses of the 2 banks by properly establishing relationship between the things of record and Profit & Loss Account.

Author:- Dr. Anurag. B. Singh, Ms. Priyanka Tandon

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May 8, 2014

Project on Short Range Personal Radar

May 8, 2014 - 0 Comments

RADAR is an acronym of RAdio Detection And Ranging and mainly use to detect the object and this project on short range personal RADAR system will also aim to create a Radar system which works on IR. The system will measure only close proximity at an angle of 90 degrees. The range of system is roughly 4-30cm, 20-150cm & 1m-5.5m depending upon which sensor you choose to use.


You must have seen Short-Range Radar (SRR) which normally operate around a car when in motion to detect possible impacts with obstacles, such as other cars, walls, pedestrians, etc. so that safety measures may be triggered automatically, such as pre-tensioning of seat belts and inflating airbags. Thus project can also be well used in above scenario. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.


Block diagram of Short Range Personal Radar


Working of this project "short range personal radar" is based on simple AND NOT logic and when sensor sense the any object it send the signal to sensor circuit where we used a comparator which compare the value of sensor to the threshold and give either 1 or 0.

Recommended Project: Stealth Technology in Aircraft

Application of this project are many like car parking, bank safety, object detection, small range coordinate detection, proximity specific detection etc. This project report contains PCB design process, required component list, block diagram, working principle, pin diagram, advantages etc. Use this report only for your reference and study purpose.

Author:- Raghvendra Singh Patel, Rahul Kumar, Siddhartha Singh

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