Dec 13, 2014
With the increasing crime against Women, we have decided to post projects on safety of women. Today we are providing project on "Woman Security System" which is made to minimize the risk of accidents and will reduce the rate of RAPE. This system is composed of a Micro-controller and a GSM Modem. This is an inexpensive device which reduces the problem associated with accident notification. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
Women security system project uses different components and major are shown in above block diagram. This project uses ATMEL89C52 microcontroller. It mainly controls the all function of the project. GSM modem is used to send messages to the predefined numbers stored in the microcontroller. This GSM modem uses AT commands in order to send messages to the predefined number.
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There are also few limitation of this project. For tracking the location of the vehicle, the GPS provides the information in the form of latitude and longitude which further requires software such as Google Map to know the name of the area and the nearest landmark. However by attaching an external Memory card to the project consisting of respective information can make the limitation to overcome. This project report also include microcontroller programming for reference.
Dec 5, 2014
This is a very unique Mechanical engineering project on "Energy audit of mechanical workshop" which is completed for fulfillment of the requirement for the award of degree B.Tech in the department of Mechanical engineering of UPTU. An energy audit may be a study of a plant or facility to see however and wherever energy is employed and to spot strategies for energy savings. There's currently a universal recognition of the actual fact that new technologies and far larger use of some that exist already offer the foremost hopeful prospects for the longer term. The opportunities lie the utilization of existing renewable energy technologies, greater efforts at energy potency and also the dissemination of those technologies and choices. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
An energy audit is associate degree examination, survey and analysis of energy flows for energy conservation in a very building, method or system to scale back the quantity of energy input into the system while not negatively poignant the output(s).
Improving energy potency and conservation are essential to achieving environmental property. Associate degree energy audit identifies wherever energy is consumed and the way a lot of energy is consumed in associate degree existing facility, building or structure. Data gathered from the energy audit may be accustomed introduce energy conservation measures (ECM) or acceptable energy-saving technologies.
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Main objective of this project is to make mechanical workshop energy efficient. Making the mechanical workshop energy efficient will not only help the institute reduce its expenses but also helps us fulfill our moral responsibility of not wasting these precious resources.
This report contains objectives, principle, workpaln and other information which is required to do complete energy auditing. Use this Mechanical project report only for your reference and study work.
Author:- Sagar Taliyan, Rahul Chauhan, Andeep Kr. Chauhan, Sanjay Kumar, Sanjay Singh
Nov 26, 2014
Today in this seminar report we are going to discuss little about bicycle brake. A bicycle brake reduces the speed of a bicycle or prevents it from moving. The 3 main varieties are: rim brakes, disc brakes, and drum brakes. There are numerous sorts of brake used throughout history, and several other ar still in use these days. Most bicycle brake systems encompass 3 main components: a mechanism for the rider to use the brakes, like brake levers or pedals; a mechanism for transmission that signal, like Bowden cables, hydraulic hoses, rods, or the bicycle chain; and therefore the brake mechanism itself, a caliper or drum, to press 2 or additional surfaces along so as to convert, via friction, mechanical energy of the bike and rider into thermal energy to be dissipated. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
Mainly there are three types of bicycle brakes which are used majorly in their times. Three types of brakes are Spoon brake or plunger brake, Duck Brake and Rim brakes.
The spoon brake, or plunger brake was in all probability the primary style of bicycle brake and precedes the pneumatic tire. Spoon brakes were used on penny farthings with solid rubber tyres within the 1800s and continued to be used when the introduction of the pneumatic-tyred safety bike. The spoon brake consists of a pad (often leather) or metal shoe (possibly rubber faced), that is ironed onto the highest of the front tyre. These were nearly always rod-operated by a right-hand lever. In developing countries, a foot-operated type of the spoon brake generally is retrofitted to previous rod brake roadsters. It consists of a elastic device flap connected to the rear of the fork crown. this is often depressed against the front tyre by the rider's foot.
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Invented in 1897, the duck brake, aka Duck Roller Brake used a rod operated by a lever on the bar to drag twin friction rollers (usually fabricated from wood or rubber) against the front tyre. Mounted on axles secured by friction washers Associate in Nursingd set at an angle to adapt to the form of the tyre, the rollers were forced against their friction washers upon contacting the tyre, so braking the front wheel.
Rim brakes ar thus referred to as as a result of braking force is applied by friction pads to the rim of the rotating wheel, so retardation it and therefore the bicycle. restraint may be fabricated from animal skin, rubber or cork and are mounted in metal "shoes". Rim brakes are generally motivated by the rider compression a lever mounted on the bar.
This report also explains different brakes types in details and also explains about their different types and use. Take this report as a reference material for your study and project.
Nov 13, 2014
Drilling depth is very important and calculating it while drilling manually through a conventional drilling machine is extremely impossible, most possibly the job will be failed due to the over drilling. In many cases, after completing the drilling work, it is very difficult to estimate the depth; especially thin holes depth can’t be measured. Therefore an automatic drilling machine that do the work of drilling according to the drilling depth generated & forwarded to the control circuit is essential; hence this project has been built, which exposes the technology of special purpose drilling machines. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
The Electrical drilling machine designed here is sort of helpful for mechanical workshops. The machine is built with power feed technology is aimed to drill the work up to sure nominal depth, For ex. if a specific piece of job is meant to be trained to a restricted depth, doing it manually consumes ton of your time, as a result of whenever depth must be measured through a crude technique, therefore estimating the drilling depth is sort of sophisticated. For this reason this machine is intended &its mechanical movements square measure restricted by programming the drilling depth through a potentiometer interfaced with microcontroller.
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Drilling machine can be defined as an device which is used to drill holes. Drilling machine plays an important role in mechanical workshops. The purpose of this project work is to get hold of complete information pertaining to drilling machines.
Drilling machine control circuit as shown above consisting of 12 keys is aimed to generate drilling depth information in millimeters. Out of 12 keys, 10 keys are utilized to raise drilling data through numeric numbers of 0 to 9. The 11TH key is used as clear key, & the 12TH key is used as start/go key. After entering the data and by activating the go key, the machine starts & performs the function of drilling. The micro-controller (consisting of processor, RAM and EPROM, and three ports) takes care of hardware and software, when the keyboard is interfaced to it.
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In this concept, the microcontroller scans the keys continuously, i.e., the function of programs stored in the EPROM through the keys. The micro-controller monitors the keyboard continuously & detects the activated key automatically. Controller is programmed to store the data of activated keys information in to its EPROM.
This project revealed that building a relatively low cost, high precision drilling machine named as “Automatic drilling machine” designed for workshops is aimed to offer benefits to the Industrialists. Since it is a prototype module, the system is designed with a single drilling motor; there by it can perform single operation at an instant. To enhance the technology further & to make it more comfortable, drill motors can be increased such that a particular specific task can be achieved with the single machine, therefore it can be used for more applications.
Oct 28, 2014
This is chemical engineering project report on design of multi component distillation column by approximate and rigorous method using MATLAB. This project describes the methodology to separate three components (hexane, heptane and octane) by approximate and rigorous method. Approximate method includes three steps for the calculation of minimum stages, minimum reflux ratio and calculation of actual number stages for the distillation column. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
The creation of a mixture of chemical species from the separate species is a spontaneous process that requires no energy input. The inverse process, separation of a chemical mixture into pure components, is not a spontaneous process and thus requires energy. A mixture to be separated may be single or multiphase. If it is multiphase, it is usually advantageous to first separate the phases.
Recommended Chemical Project: Production of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) from Natural Gas
The feed and products may be vapor, liquid, or solid; one or more separation operations may be taking place; and the products differ in composition and may differ in phase. In each separation operation, the mixture components are induced to move into different, separable spatial locations or phases by any one or more of the five basic separation methods.
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Generally, chemical process industries involve distillation of a mixture of several components rather than that of a binary mixture. Designing by approximate and rigorous method gives an initial analysis of a multi component distillation column design. To start designing with these methods, distillate and bottom recoveries must be pre decided.
Approximate method gives minimum number of stages, minimum reflux ratio, actual reflux ratio and ideal number of stages. Rigorous method gives temperature and concentration of component on each tray. The results obtained from these methods are than analyzed to determine the correct specifications for the operations of a real distillation column. This is done by experience from past or from literature work.
Author:- Ganga Rautela, Nirmala Bhatt, Nisha Bhutt, Ravisha Goswami, Mamta Nainwal
Oct 15, 2014
This is a good Mechanical project work on Design and Analysis of AC system for heavy vehicles using exhaust heat. Air conditioning is a tedious job to do when it comes to heavy vehicles like buses and trucks. The installation cost is not a problem but the operating cost is not so economical which is why these AC systems are not famous in heavy trucks. The main motto of our project in energy conservation. From past, the cabins of vehicles are been heated using heat energy from radiator during winters which is one way of conserving energy as we are utilizing waste heat but during summers we use the AC system to cool the cabin which puts extra load on engine and as a result the total work produced by the engine divides up though we have waste heat available at the exhaust. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
The only objective of the project work is to alter the present AC System of vehicle by removing its compressor which is the maximum power consuming component in the system and replace it with the Heat Exchanger Cum Generator which instead of putting extra load on engine will absorb the heat from waste flue gases and produce ammonia vapours which will produce cooling effect in the passenger’s compartment. By doing this we will not use the useful energy of the engine but at the same time can enjoy the cooling effect by just utilizing the waste heat.
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Air conditioning's main principles are Evaporation, Condensation, Compression and Expansion. And we use different components to perform these different processes.
As discussed above, all the parts of the Vapour Compression System and the VARS are same except the compression component, therefore our field of work is design and analysis of the system that will extract the heat from the flue gases flowing out of exhaust manifold and use it for heating the aqueous solution of refrigerant to produce ammonia vapour which can be used for air conditioning of cabin of vehicle.
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All other parts of the AC system are already available and the only innovative aspect of this project is the design of heat exchanger cum generator. Hence we declare it as our field of work in the Capstone project.
The main intention behind the project work is Conservation of Energy. By making this project we are trying to utilize the waste heat emitted by the engine for the cooling purpose of the passenger compartment. This will help to reduce the extra burden form the engine and we will get air conditioning in big vehicles at minimum operating cost.
This report includes complete work plan, basic principle involved, power requirement, design, research and construction of design & analysis of AC System for heavy vehicles using exhaust heat. Thanks to the author of the project.
Author:- Baljeet Singh
Oct 5, 2014
In Electromagnetic Car project, the concept of electromagnetic piston is taken from the research paper of Sir Jhon Thomas Harty & Sir William Thomas Harty. An electromagnetic piston which is made of solenoid coil reciprocating including magnetic element with one electromagnet connected with the cylinder and another electromagnet connected with the piston, so that when a polarity of magnet elements is changed, a magnetic interaction of the electromagnet with one another causes the reciprocating movement of the piston, which is being converted in rotary motion by means of crankshaft made of Al rod. The motion power from the crankshaft is being transmitted from the crankshaft to rear axle with the help of a gear drive. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
The electromagnet can be one among a form of magnet in which the over unity magnetic discipline can be that is generated by the actual stream of household current. This over unity magnetic discipline disappears when the existing can be deterred.
Electromagnets usually are trusted as different parts of various other electrical gadgets, for example engines, generators, relays, audio speakers, hard disks, MRI models, scientific instruments, and also over unity magnetic separation products, together with working as professional weightlifting electromagnets for buying and also moving large metal physical objects such as refuse metal.
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The electromagnetic car according to the present invention in one aspect comprises a cylinder and a piston, each made of a magnetic material, a cylinder electromagnet having an inner wall of the cylinder magnetisable to a one magnetic pole, and a piston magnetization unit for magnetizing a portion of the piston engage able with the cylinder to a single magnetic pole in a fixed manner, in which the piston is transferred in a one direction by creating a magnetic attraction force between the cylinder and the piston by exciting the cylinder electromagnet; and the piston is then transferred in the opposite direction by creating a magnetic repellent force there between, followed by repeating this series of the actions of alternately creating the magnetic attraction force and the magnetic repellent force to allow the piston to perform a reciprocal movement.
The electromagnetic car according to the present invention in a still further aspect is constructed by arranging a combination of the cylinder with the piston in the aspects described above as a one assembly, arranging the one assembly in plural numbers and operating the plural assemblies in a parallel way, and converting a reciprocal movement of the piston in each of the plural assemblies into a rotary movement of a single crank shaft by a crank mechanism so that more can be produce for propelling any heavy vehicle.
Author:- Ankit Singh Bhandari, Bhuwan Chandra Fulara, Chandramohan Singh Mewari, Deeksha Lohani, Deepak Bailwal, Devendra Singh Bisht
Sep 30, 2014
HGSS (home gas security system) is a socially relevant system that finds its application in every house. This system is helps in avoiding dangerous accidents that may occur due to gas leakage. Gas leakage depends on various factor in our home but the main is carelessness towards our gas system i.e. cooking stove, gas geyser etc. Hunger of automation bought many revolution in the existing industry. This application comes to action when someone forgot to switch off stove knob or their is leakage of gas from cylinder itself. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
Here automation is done with the help of Micro-controllers and controlling action will be actuated with the help of SENSORS. In our country home gas security is one of the important concerns because lot of accidents occurs only due to gas leakage. Therefore our system will be a milestone in this field.
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The primary objects of the present project to provides a way for safely detecting any malfunction of a LPG gas system in order to prevent accumulation of LPG gas so that damage or explosion due to such an accumulation of gas is prevented.
Application of Home Gas Security System
1. Forgot to switch off stove knob:
In this we use thermistor which is connected to microcontroller. If there is no flame on the burner then after pre-set* time. Microcontroller sends a signal to solenoid valve to cut the supply from the cylinder. But if within this time interval flame is produced then gas will remain continue to flow.(* pre-set time lie between 30 to 40 sec). This is done by Bimetallic thermistor.
2. Leakage of gas from cylinder itself:
In this case gas sensor will actuate the relay to cut the electric supply of the house and actuates the alarm also. In addition to these a keypad is also provided to enter the time of operation. After the entered time system will cut off the supply.
For example-you want to boil 1kg of milk and it takes 4 min then you can enter “4” through your keypad. After 4 min system will automatically off.
This report includes full working of the home gas security system with component details and block diagram. Use this report for your reference and study work only.
Sep 22, 2014
Preservation of food is a very important task to meet needs of people and to preserve food the most common and effective method is sun drying. This Mechanical project on design and fabrication of solar food dryer aims to solve the problem of effective food preservation as the lack of appropriate preservation and storage systems caused considerable losses, thus reducing the food supply significantly. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
The high temperature dryers used in industrialized countries are found to be economically viable in developing countries only on large plantations or big commercial establishments. Therefore the introduction of low cost and locally manufactured solar dryers offers a promising alternative to reduce the tremendous post harvest losses. The opportunity to produce high quality marketable products seems to be a chance to improve the economic situation of the farmers. However, taking into account the low income of the rural population in developing countries, the relatively high initial investment for solar dryers still remains a barrier to a wide application.
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To classify the various types of solar dryers, it is necessary to simplify the complex constructions and various modes of operation to the basic principles. Solar dryers can be classified based on the following criteria:
1. Mode of air movement
2. Exposure to insulation
3. Direction of air flow
4. Arrangement of the dryer
5. Status of solar contribution
There are many types of solar dryer as told above and each one of them is explained on this report. Passive solar dryers are also called natural circulation or natural convection systems and are generally of a size appropriate for agriculture use. They can be either direct or indirect. Natural-circulation solar dryers depend for their operation entirely on solar-energy. In such systems, solar-heated air is circulated through the crop by buoyancy forces or as a result of wind pressure, acting either singly or in combination.
The working and effectiveness of solar dryers is majorly dependent on the weather conditions. Both the heat required for removing the moisture as well as the electricity necessary for driving the fans are generated in the most cases by solar energy only. In addition to the pretreatment of the product, the weather conditions have the biggest influence on the capacity of product that can be dried within a certain time period.
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The main components of solar dryer are as follows
1. Flat solar collector
2. Drying chamber.
3. Insulated panel(main body).
4. Ventilation system.
Component required to manufacture solar food dryer for this project are Glass thickness 3.2mm, Mild steel Sq pipe, CRC sheet, Glass wool insulation, Pop rivets, Screws, Welding, Aluminium channel, Hinges, Silicon sealant, Black paint, Tower bolt and Glass thermometer.
The project is constructed in order to get outside knowledge and involve in practical applications beyond in our day-to-day academic studies under in the module of “Advanced Topics in Mechanical Engineering”. Designing of the solar dryer minimizing shortcomings associated with than low efficiency, cost not portable solar dryer. Net cost of the device is Rs.5400. Use this report for your reference and study work only.
Sep 16, 2014
This is the Biotechnology final year report to study the inhibition activity of Allium sativa (garlic) and Curcuma longa (turmeric) against Blastomyces dermatidis. This report will show the Garlic and Turmeric use against Blastomyces dermatidis which is a virus and can cause various lung infections. This is project shows anti-fungal activity of Garlic and Turmeric. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
Herbal Medicine are very useful and despite of their low cost they have tremendous benefits and help in curing many diseases. Garlic and Turmeric which care our daily using things have many properties which fights against diseases and this study shows same.
Blastomyces dermatitidis is a dimorphic fungus which means it has two forms. At room temperature it takes the mycelia form and at 37oC, the mycelium transforms to a large yeast (8-15 um) with characteristic thick cell walls and broad-based buds.
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Inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores can cause blast mycosis (Gilchrist's disease, Chicago disease, or Namekagon River Fever). The fungus enters the body through the lungs and there converts to yeast form, triggering the hosts inflammatory response at the site of infection. Yeast that are not phagocytised and cleared by the host is able to spread via blood or lymphatic to other sites in the body where the infection starts.
Later on this report pure colonies were developed, a culture broth is prepared from it. When the testing is to be done, the colonies are restreaked or are spread in to Mueller-Hinton Agar plates and anti-fungal susceptibility test was done. Thanks to the author of this project and use this report only for your reference and study work.
Author:- Anshika Sindhwani
Sep 8, 2014
The project here is all about Front wheel steering system with moveable headlights with latest electronics technology. The most standard steering arrangement is to show the front wheels employing a hand–operated handwheel that is positioned before of the motive force, via the steering column, which can contain universal joints to permit it to deviate somewhat from a line. alternative arrangements are generally found on differing types of vehicles, as an example, a tiller or rear–wheel steering. Tracked vehicles like tanks sometimes use differential steering — that's, the tracks are created to maneuver at completely different speeds or maybe in opposite directions to originate a amendment in fact. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
The mechanism connecting the steering box and therefore the wheels sometimes conforms to a variation of Ackermann steering pure mathematics, to account for the very fact that in a very flip, the inner wheel is truly traveling a path of smaller radius than the outer wheel, so the degree of toe appropriate for driving in a very straight path isn't appropriate for turns.
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A hydraulic steering mechanism (HPS) uses hydraulic pressure provided by Associate in Nursing engine-driven pump to help the motion of turning the handwheel. Electrical power steering (EPS) is a lot of economical than the hydraulic steering mechanism, since the electrical steering mechanism motor solely has to offer help once the handwheel is turned, whereas the hydraulic ram should run perpetually.
Four-wheel steering (or all wheel steering) could be a system utilized by some vehicles to boost steering response, increase vehicle stability whereas maneuvering at high speed, or to decrease turning radius at low speed. In most active simple machine steering systems, the rear wheels are steered by a laptop and actuators.
The rear wheels usually cannot flip as so much because the front wheels. Some systems, as well as Delphi's Quadrasteer and therefore the system in Honda's Prelude line, allow the rear wheels to be steered within the wrong way because the front wheels throughout low speeds. this permits the vehicle to show in a very considerably smaller radius — generally crucial for giant trucks or vehicles with trailers. Associate in Nursing electronic simple machine steer system is Associate in Nursing possibility accessible on the JCB Fastrac. Thanks to the authors of this report.
Author:- Prateek kalakoti, Lalit kumar, Rajendra rawat, Shivraj chauhan, Pradeep jakhmola
Sep 3, 2014
This is MBA project report on Procurement Process which is carried out at FMCG industry India Food Company ltd. which is a Leading biscuit manufacturing company in India in terms of retail sales and manufactures variety of biscuits. It is an integrated, research based FMCG company, producing a wide range of quality, affordable and tasty biscuits, trusted by healthcare professionals. You can also Subscribe to FINAL YEAR PROJECT'S by Email for more such projects and seminar.
Objective of this project report are to Study & implement Procurement process along with batch management at IFC ltd into SAP ECC6.0. and to integrate the “Down payment & Vendor invoice” of finance at IFC ltd into SAP ECC6.0.
Scope of the Project
The scope of study includes:
1. To understand various stages of procurement process that takes place in the organization.
2. Study and mapping of batch management.
3. To create various policy for vendors.
4. To study the concept of Down payment & Vendor invoice.
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Procurement process defined for IFC LTD takes into account all the steps included in purchase cycle & the documents used to manage the purchasing process. Also it includes the processing of material in batches & vendor creation. The business process of IFC limited which was studied is implemented in SAP R/3.
There are various benefits as an integrated solution such as SAP in an organization. Commercial benefits would include having a single source for your financial information. Capturing your business transactions in one location allows you to easily review inventory, customer and vendor activity. Use this report for your reference and study work only.